, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 187–190 | Cite as

MR imaging of spastic diplegia

Comparative study between preterm and term infants
  • T. Koeda
  • I. Suganuma
  • Y. Kohno
  • T. Takamatsu
  • K. Takeshita


Eighteen children (eleven preterm birth and seven term birth) with clinical evidence of spastic diplegia (SD) were studied to clarify the differences of the lesions between preterm and term SD on MR imaging. All with preterm birth showed similar abnormalities of the periventricular white matter represented by high intensity in T2-weighted imaging and low intensity in T1 imaging. It seemed that the lesions were periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) and dysmyelination pathologically and correlated well clinically with spastic diplegia. SD with term birth group showed various lesions, two brain anomalies (schizencephaly and corpocephaly), one PVL, four showed no lesions. We suggested that SD with preterm birth is not only a clinical but also a pathological entity.

Key words

Spastic diplegia Periventricular leukomalacia MRI Preterm infant 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Koeda
    • 1
    • 3
  • I. Suganuma
    • 1
  • Y. Kohno
    • 1
  • T. Takamatsu
    • 2
  • K. Takeshita
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsKitakyusyu City Sogo Ryoiku CenterKitakyusyuJapan
  2. 2.Department of OrthopedicsKitakyusyu City Sogo Ryoiku CenterKitakyusyuJapan
  3. 3.Division of Child Neurology, Institute of Neurological SciencesTottori University School of MedicineYonagoJapan

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