, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 51–57 | Cite as

Penicillosis marneffei: Serological and exoantigen studies

  • A. S. Sekhon
  • J. S. K. Li
  • A. K. Garg


An immunodiffusion (ID) test has been developed to diagnose infections caused byPenicillium marneffei. A 20 X concentrated culture-filtrate of six-week-old shake cultures (25 C) ofP. marneffei was employed as an antigen. This preparation was found to be better in quality than that from still cultures of the same age (30 C). Anti-P. marneffei rabbit sera were produced by injecting rabbits with increasing dosages of the inoculum for at least six weeks. These sera demonstrated two to three precipitin lines following their reaction with their antigens for 24–48 h at 25 C. TheP. marneffei antigenic preparations did not react with rabbit antisera to five species ofAspergillus, which commonly cause aspergillosis, or to antisera for four dimorphic systemic fungi. Similarly, the antigens of these other fungi did not react against the anti-P. marneffei rabbit serum. However, the anti-P. marneffei rabbit sera demonstrated antibody titres (1∶32 to 1∶64) to histoplasmin, blastomycin and coccidioidin in the complement fixation test. Cross-reactions were not observed with any of the human sera in the suspected or proven cases of opportunistic or systemic mycotic infections. Therefore, the ID test for penicillosis marneffei is considered to be highly specific. Exoantigen studies demonstrated that, of a total of 34 isolates of ten species ofPenicillium tested, only the extracts ofP. marneffei (6 isolates) and one isolate (PLM 771) of aP. species reacted positively with the anti-P. marneffei rabbit serum, giving at least two lines of identity with reference reagents. Based on this analysis, theP. species (PLM 771) was identified as P. marneffei. The exoantigen test is considered to be a specific and rapid method for the identification and confirmation ofP. marneffei isolates.


Aspergillosis Complement Fixation Test Shake Culture Mycotic Infection Precipitin Line 
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Eine Immun-Verbreitung (ID) Test war ausgearbeitet fur die Diagnose der Infektionen diePenicillium marneffei verursachen. Die 20 X conzentrierte Kultur-Fieltrier von der sechs Wochen alten schuttelten Kulturen (25 C) vonP. Marneffei war gebraucht fur Antigen. Diese Preparation war besser in Qualitat denn die stillen Kulturen von dem selben Alter (30 C). Die Anti-P. Marneffei Kaninchen Sera wurde produziert durch die Injektion der Kaninchen mit immer vergrosserden Dosen von dem Imfstoff-mindestebs wahrend sechs Wochen. Diese Sera zeigte zwei — drei Ubere sturzung Linien durch die Reaktion von ihrer Antigenen wahrend 24–48 Stunden im 25 C. Die Antigen-Preparationen vonP. Marneffei gaben keine Reaktionen mit Kaninchen Anti-sera fur funf Species vonAspergillus, die stellen an gewohnlich Aspergillosis, oder zu der Antisera fur fier dimorpische systemische Pilze. Gleichweis, die Antigenen von diese Plize gaben keine Reaktionen gegen die Kaninchen Antisera vonP. Marneffei. Jedoch die Kaninchen Antiserum vonP. marneffei zeigte Anti-Korper Titer (1∶32 bis 1∶64) zu Histoplasmin, Blastomycin und Coccidioidin in der Complement (Erganzung) Fixing Test. Kreuz-Reaktionen wurden nicht observiert mit keine menschlichen Sera in verdachtigen oder erwiesenen Krankengeschichten von passenden oder systematischen mycotischen Infectionen. Deswegen die ID Test fur Penicillosis marneffei ist sehr spezifisch. Die Untersuchungen haben demonstriert, dass 34 isolationen von zehn Species vonPenicillium — die untersucht waren — nur der Auszug vonP. Marneffei (6 Isolationen) und ein Isolation (PLM 771) vonP. Species eine positive Reaktion mit der Kaninchen Anti-Serum vonP. Marneffei, und es gab mindestens zwei identische Linen mit die Referenz Reagenten. An diese Analyse grunden wir dass, dieP. Species (PLM 771) war identifiziert wieP. Marneffei. Die Exo-Antigen Test ist anbetrachtet wie eine spezifische und schnelle Methode fur die Identifikation und Bestatigung der Isolierten vonP. Marneffei.


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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Sekhon
    • 1
  • J. S. K. Li
    • 1
  • A. K. Garg
    • 1
  1. 1.Provincial Laboratory of Public HealthThe University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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