The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of haemodialysis, kidney transplantation and simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation on survival of diabetic subjects and on kidney function. 40 Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients received a kidney transplantation: in 31 cases the kidney was transplanted simultaneously to a pancreas graft from the same donor (KP group), while in 9 cases the pancreas was not available (K group). 44 uraemic Type 1(insulin-dependent) diabetic patients on dialysis and in waiting list for kidney transplantation, constituted the control group (HD group). Patient survival rate 1, 3 and 5 years following transplantation was better in KP group (93%, 89%, 89%, respectively) than in K group (88%, 88%, 73%, respectively) and in HD group (88%, 62%, 51%, respectively). Kidney graft survival at 1, 3 and 5 years post-transplant was better in KP group (93%, 72%, 72%, respectively) than in K group (76%, 61%, 31%, respectively). 1 year after transplantation, patients of the KP group who had lost the pancreas for technical reasons (thrombosis) were included in the K group so as to evaluate the effect of the transplanted pancreas on long-term patient and kidney survival. Patient survival rate in the KP group (17 patients) at 2 and 4 years was 100%, while at the same intervals it was 78% in the K group (13 patients). Kidney graft function rate at 2 and 4 years was 93% in the KP group (17 grafts) and 54% and 27% respectively in the K group (14 grafts). Evaluation of quality of life in patients receiving a kidney and pancreas transplantation showed an improvement in psychological well-being, when compared to patients receiving a kidney transplantation alone. Physical well-being was similar in patients transplanted with kidney and pancreas or with kidney alone.
Kidney transplantation Pancreas transplantation Life expectancy Quality of life