Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 345, Issue 2, pp 131–143 | Cite as

The anaerobic recovery of frog muscle

  • G. Ambrosoli
  • P. Cerretelli


The muscle may undergo a partial recovery of its high energy phosphate stores in the absence of oxygen by the way of glycolysis (anaerobic recovery). This process has been studied in 41 pairs of frog gastrocnemii at different degrees of exhaustion induced by variable trains of supramaximal stimuli. Anaerobic recovery appears to be inadequate to replenish the fraction of muscle high energy phosphate stores (GP=ATP+PC) split as a consequence of the stimulation. The maximal amount of recovery (on the average about 5 μMoles of GP per gram of fresh tissue) occurs when the muscle resting stores have been reduced to about 50%. This limitation in the extent of recovery is not a consequence of a reduced availability of glycogen but it is possibly related to the production of some metabolic intermediate, limiting the rate of the glycolytic sequence, likely the accumulation of lactic acid in the fiber. The time course of the anaerobic recovery process is characterized by at1/2 of about 2 min. The efficiency of the process, i.e. the number of the high energy phosphate bonds resynthesized by one Mole of lactic acid, appears to vary between 1.5 and 1.8, being of the same order of magnitude as the GP/L.A. ratio obtained from muscle extracts.

Key words

Lactic Acid in Muscle High Energy Phosphates in Muscle Anaerobic Recovery Efficiency of Anaerobic Glycolysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Ambrosoli
    • 1
  • P. Cerretelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Fisiologia UmanaUniversità di Milano e Centro di Fisiologia del Lavoro Muscolare del C.N.R.MilanoItalia

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