Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 370, Issue 3, pp 283–286 | Cite as

Physiological responses of dogs on exposure to hot, arid conditions

Acid-base status
  • Stephen Krausz
  • Jacob Marder


Acid-base parameters were determined in chronically cannulated dogs exposed to ambient temperatures increasing from 25–47° C (with relative humidity below 30%). pH increased from 7.409±0.004 (S.E.M.) to 7.538±0.017,\(Pa_{CO_2 } \) decreased from 33.0±0.5 to 20.9±1.2 torr, and [HCO 3 ] decreased from 20.9±0.3 to 17.2±0.4 mEq/l.

Minimal base excess change, together with a rapid return to normal parameters upon recooling to 25° C, suggests that the stress is almost exclusively respiratory, with little metabolic involvement. Analysis of serial exposures shows no acclimatization effect in acid-base status. This suggests the possible existence of natural acclimation to heat in dogs maintained in a warm climate, permitting excellent tolerance of hot, arid conditions with limited acid-base disturbance.

Key words

Acid-base status Respiratory alkalosis Hyperthermia Heat acclimatization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Krausz
    • 1
  • Jacob Marder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyThe Hebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

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