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Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 378, Issue 1, pp 47–53 | Cite as

Time course of changes of extracellular H+ and K+ activities during and after direct electrical stimulation of the brain cortex

  • Rudolf Urbanics
  • Elfriede Leniger-Follert
  • Dietrich W. Lübbers
Heart, Circulation, Respiration and Blood; Environmental and Exercise Physiology

Abstract

The kinetics of H+ and K+ activities were recorded during and after direct electrical activation of the brain cortex (cat). H+ activity was measured with H+-sensitive glass microelectrodes (tip diameters of 1–4 μm) and K+ activity was registered with double-barrelled ion-sensitive microelectrodes (tip diameters of 1–3 μm). It could be shown that extracellular H+ activity initially decreased for a few seconds and increased only after the 7.s. Maximum acidosis was always noticed after stimulation ended. Alkalotic as well as acidotic changes were the higher the stronger the stimulation parameters were. K+ activity increased very rapidly after stimulation began, reached its maximum when stimulation ended and then decreased to its initial value with an undershoot.

It is concluded that the functional hyperemia of microflow could be triggered by the rapid increase in K+ activity, whereas the initial alkalotic change of extracellular pH means that H+ activity does not play a role in the first phase of this kind of hyperemia. The alkalotic shift is interpreted to be caused by the washout of CO2 due to the rapid increase in microflow. In the further course, H+ activity obviously contributes to the maintenance of functional hyperemia. In this later period K+ activity is always below the control value.

Key words

Extracellular H+ activity K+ Activity Brain cortex Microflow regulation Direct electrical activation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Urbanics
    • 1
  • Elfriede Leniger-Follert
    • 1
  • Dietrich W. Lübbers
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für SystemphysiologieDortmund 1Germany

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