Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 408, Issue 2, pp 120–123 | Cite as

Effects of carbon dioxide on preoptic thermosensitive neurons in vitro

  • K. Matsumura
  • T. Nakayama
  • T. Kaminaga


Effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) on the firing rates of preoptic thermosensitive neurons were examined in rat brain slice preparations. The perfusing medium was saturated with gas mixtures consisting of 90% O2 and one of various concentrations (5%, 6.3%, 7.5%, and 10%) of CO2 balanced with N2. The medium containing 5% CO2 was used as control. Most preoptic neurons were inhibited during application of a high CO2 medium. An excitatory effect of CO2 on a small number of neurons was also significant, although this was weak and transient compared to the inhibitory effect. Thermosensitivities of the neurons did not correlate with their CO2 sensitivities. The influence of CO2 tended to be more evident at higher temperatures. We conclude that the direct effect of CO2 on PO thermosensitive neurons as well as on thermally insensitive neurons is mainly inhibitory.

Key words

Preoptic area Carbon dioxide Thermosensitive neuron In vitro 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Matsumura
    • 1
  • T. Nakayama
    • 1
  • T. Kaminaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyOsaka University Medical SchoolKita-ku, OsakaJapan

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