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Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 407, Issue 2, pp 166–169 | Cite as

Histochemical and contractile properties of soleus muscle trained during development

  • G. C. B. Elder
  • F. Vassallo
Heart, Circulation, Respiration and Blood; Environmental and Exercise Physiology

Abstract

The effects of endurance training on the histochemical and contractile properties of developing rat soleus was studied. Five 18 day old Long Evans rats were trained twice a day for 28 days (E group); workloads were increased to 30 m/min (15% grade) for 40 min/bout. Contraction time (Tc), twitch tension (Pt), half relaxation time (t1/2R), tetanic tension (Po), maximal rate of rise in tension (t50%Po) and fatigue index (FI, % decline in force after 15 s tetanic stimulation) were measured and compared to a control (C) group. The contralateral soleus was excised, rapidly forzen and histochemical (myosin ATPase pH 9.4 and 4.3) and histological sections prepared for analysis of fibre type, number and area.

Similar fibre types (X=70 and 71% ST), fibre numbers (X=2115 and 2242) and areas of ST (X=2000 and 2320 μm2) and FT fibres (X=1476 and 1628 μm2) were found in C and E groups respectively.Po (p<0.05) was greater andt50%Po (p<0.01) was significantly faster in E. Pathological changes were found in about 1% of fibres in each trained muscle, but not in controls. Histochemical differentiation of fibre types was unaffected and contractile properties only minimally by training during early development.

Key words

Fibre types Contractile properties Endurance training Development 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. C. B. Elder
    • 1
  • F. Vassallo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical EducationDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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