Microwave measurements on oilshale rocks
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Characterization of some structural and electrical properties of oilshale deposit are studied in the X-band (8 to 12 GHz) through measuring the insertion loss (IL), return loss (RL), and the material equivalent input impedance, Zm. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy show that the deposit contains a number of minerals and oil pores. Measurements at microwave frequency show that the IL for the rock specimen of 5.1 mm thickness ranges between 2 and 4.5 dB; and the value of the RL for the same specimen ranges between 2 and 5.8 dB over the whole X-band. A particular surface deposit specimen of thickness 7.15 mm shows a high value of RL of about 38 dB at around 11.2 GHz, which seems almost transparent at this frequency. The overall behaviour of the measured impedance as a function of frequency shows a relatively strong dependence on the specimen thickness and weak dependence on both deposit depth and composition. Analysis of the obtained data of impedance indicates that the deposit has an inductive behaviour.
KeywordsScanning Electron Microscopy Microwave Measured Impedance Strong Dependence Oilshale
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