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Social psychiatry

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 174–179 | Cite as

Psychiatry and anthropology: Three models for a working relationship

  • E. Mansell Pattison
Originals

Summary

Working relationships between psychiatry and anthropology date back to the pioneers in both disciplines. Yet as each professional group has developed its own system of theories and techniques the opportunity for actual mutual influence has dwindled. The mere juxtaposition of professionals will not result in actual interdisciplinary contributions. Three models for collaboration are presented. In each model there is a different “interdisciplinary contract”, which needs to be specified for various joint projects. In addition to the traditional areas of psychiatry-anthropology interests there is a broad area of social action planning for mental health which is increasingly a joint concern of social and community psychiatry on the one hand and of applied anthropology on the other.

Keywords

Mental Health Social Action Action Planning Professional Group Broad Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

Les relations de travail entre la psychiatrie et l'anthropologie remontent aux pionniers de ces deux disciplines. Cependant, chacun de ces deux groupes de profession ayant développé son propre système de théories et de techniques, les occasions d'une véritable influence réciproque se sont faites plus rares. La simple juxtaposition de professions ne peut aboutir à des échanges interdisciplinaires positifs. Trois modes de collaboration sont présentés. Chacun d'eux comporte un “contrat interdisciplinaire” différent qui doit être spécifié pour les divers projets communs. En plus des champs d'intérêts traditionnels de la psychiatrie et de l'anthropologie, il faut tenir compte du vaste domaine de l'action sociale tendant à planifier la santé mentale et qui, de plus en plus, concerne à la fois la psychiatrie sociale et communautaire d'une part et l'anthropologie appliquée d'autre part.

Zusammenfassung

Die Arbeitsbeziehungen zwischen der Psychiatrie und Anthropologie reichen zurück bis zu den Pionieren beider Disziplinen. Da jedoch jede Berufsgruppe ihr eigenes System von Theorien und Methoden entwickelt hat, hat die Möglichkeit für eine wirkliche gegenseitige Beeinflussung abgenommen. Aus dem bloßen Nebeneinanderstellen von Berufen folgen noch keine wirklichen interdisziplinären Beiträge. Es werden drei Modelle für die Zusammenarbeit vorgeschlagen: In jedem Modell gibt es einen unterschiedlichen „interdisziplinären Vertrag“, der für verschiedene gemeinsame Projekte spezifiziert werden muß. Außer den traditionellen Gebieten psychiatrisch-anthropologischer Interessen gibt es einen breiten Bereich sozialer Aktionsplanung für seelische Gesundheit, die auf der einen Seite zunehmend ein gemeinsames Anliegen der Sozial- und Gemeindepsychiatrie und auf der anderen Seite eines der angewandten Anthropologie ist.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Mansell Pattison
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Washington School of Medicine SeattleWashington

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