Advertisement

Social Indicators Research

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 309–336 | Cite as

Time use studies for leisure analysis

  • Andrew S. Harvey
Article

Abstract

Approaches to activity measurement capable of capturing nuances necessary to appropriately identify and classify leisure activities are needed. Of the several existing measurement approaches the time diary is one of the most promising. Time diaries facilitate the recording of the total flow of activities and attendant objective and subjective dimensions. Areas of particular concern in the conduct of time diary studies are activity coding, the interview approach, and the selection of diary days. Time use data can be studied at both the macro and micro level. At the micro level one can study time points, individuals and events. At the macro level it is meaningful to study subpopulations, bundles of time and aggregated events. Analytically, a holistic approach must be taken with several dimensions, which compose the activity setting, being considered concurrently.

Keywords

Activity Measurement Leisure Activity Study Time Total Flow Holistic Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aas, Dagfinn: 1982, ‘Designs for large scale time use studies of the 24-hour day’, in Zahari Staikov (ed.) It's About Time (Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Sociological Association, Sofia Bulgaria).Google Scholar
  2. Abercrombie, N., Cullen, I., Godson, V., Major, S., Timson, L.: 1974, The University in an Urban Environment (Heinemann, London).Google Scholar
  3. Berk, Richard A. and Sarah Fenstermaker Berk: 1979, Labor and Leisure at Home (Sage, Beverly Hills).Google Scholar
  4. Bullock, N., Dickens, P., Steadman, P., Taylor, E., Tomlinson, J.: 1972. Surveys of day-to-day activities: tabulations and preliminary analyses. Cambridge: Center for Land Use and Built Form Studies, Working Paper no. 44.Google Scholar
  5. Burton, Thomas L. and A. J. Veal: 1971, Experiments in Recreation Research (George Allen and Unwin, London).Google Scholar
  6. Canada Department of Secretary of State: 1973, Survey of Non-Work Time (Queen's Printer, Ottawa).Google Scholar
  7. Chapin, F. Stuart Jr.: 1974, Human Activity Patterns in the City (John Wiley & Sons, Toronto).Google Scholar
  8. Chapin, F. Stuart Jr. and Richard K. Brail: 1969, ‘Human activity systems in the metropolitan United States,’ Environment and Behaviour, Vol. 1, pp. 107–130.Google Scholar
  9. ClarkSusan M., David ElliottH. and Andrew S.Harvey: 1982, ‘Hypercodes and composite variables; simple techniques for the reduction and analysis of time budget data’, in ZahariStaikov ed. It's About Time (Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Sociological Association, Sofia, Bulgaria).Google Scholar
  10. Converse, P. E.: 1968, ‘Time budgets.’ International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. [s.l.]: Crowell Collier and Macmillan, p. 42–47.Google Scholar
  11. Cosper, Ronald L. and Susan M. Shaw: 1982, ‘The validity of time-budget studies; a comparison of frequency and diary data in Halifax, Canada’, paper presented at the Tenth World Congress of Sociology, Mexico City, Mexico.Google Scholar
  12. Cullen, Ian G. and Elizabeth Phelps: 1975, Dairy Techniques and The Problems of Urban Life. (Final Report to the Social Science Research Council, Grant No. HR2336, London).Google Scholar
  13. FergeSusan: 1972, ‘Social differentiation in leisure choices’, in AlexanderSzalai (ed.) The Use of Time (Mouton, The Hague).Google Scholar
  14. Grønmo, S.: 1983, Lordag som handledag: utviklinstenderser i Norge i 1970-arene. Oslo: Fondet for markeds — og distribusjonsforskning (FMD). (Forskningsrapport nr. 45).Google Scholar
  15. Grønmo, Sigmund, and Andrew S. Harvey: 1982, ‘Time-diaries and trip-diaries: A comparison’, paper presented at the Tenth World Congress of Sociology, Mexico City, Mexico.Google Scholar
  16. GrønmoSigmund: 1982, ‘Use of time and quality of life: Dimensions of welfare related to specific activities,’ in ZahariStaikov (ed.) It's About Time (Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Sociological Association, Sofia, Bulgaria).Google Scholar
  17. HarveyA. S., SzalaiA., ElliottD. H., StoneP. H., and ClarkS. M.: 1984, Time budget research: an ISSC workbook in comparative analysis. (Campus Verlag, Frankfurt; New York).Google Scholar
  18. HarveyAndrew S.: 1978, Discretionary Time Activities in Context (Institute of Public Affairs, Dalhousie University, Occasional Paper No. 3, Halifax, Canada).Google Scholar
  19. HarveyAndrew S., David H.Elliott and Philip J.Stone: 1977, Review of Analytic and Descriptive Methods of Time Use Data; A Working Paper (Institute of Public Affairs, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada).Google Scholar
  20. HarveyAndrew S., DavidH. Elliott and DimitriProcos: 1977, Sub-populations Relevant to the Study of the Use of Time: A Working Paper (Institute of Public Affairs, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada).Google Scholar
  21. HeidemannClaus and UteHeinzmann: 1975, Die situation der verheirateten berufstatigen frau mit kindern in IHRER Stadtischen Umwelt. (Institut fer Regionalwissenschaft, Universtat Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, FRG).Google Scholar
  22. JanelleD. G. and GoodchildM.: 1983, Diurnal patterns of social group distributions in a Canadian city. Economic Geography 59(4): 403–425.Google Scholar
  23. Janelle, D. G., Goodchild, M. F., and Klinkenberg, B.: 1988, ‘Space-time diaries and travel characteristics for different levels of respondent aggregation’, Environment and Planning A vol. 20.Google Scholar
  24. KellerJanet, DorthyKempter, SusanGoff Timmer and Linda YoungDeMarco: 1982, Proceedings of the International Time Use Workshop. (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan).Google Scholar
  25. KinsleyB. L., O'DonnellT.: 1983, Marking time; methodology report of the Canadian time use pilot study — 1981; v. 1. Explorations in time use (Department of Communications; Employment and Immigration, Ottawa). (Explorations in time use series).Google Scholar
  26. LansingJohn B., RobertW. Marans and RobertB. Zehner: 1970, Planned Residential Environments (Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan).Google Scholar
  27. Lingsom, Susan: 1979, Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative Time Diary Techniques: A Working Paper (Central Bureau of Statistics, Oslo).Google Scholar
  28. Mead, George Herbert: 1934, Mind, Self and Society (University of Chicago Press, Chicago).Google Scholar
  29. Niemi, Iiris, Salme Kiiski and Mirja Liikkanen: 1981, The Use of Time in Finland (Central Statistical Office of Finland, Helsinki).Google Scholar
  30. Neulinger, John: 1981, To Leisure (Allyn and Bacon Inc., Toronto).Google Scholar
  31. Shaw, Susan M.: 1982, The Sexual Division of Leisure: Meanings, Perceptions and the Distribution of Time (A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Carlton University, Ottawa).Google Scholar
  32. Skorzynski, Zigmunt: 1972, ‘The use of free time in Torun, Mabibour, and Jackson’, in Alexander Szalai (ed.) The Use of Time (Mouton, The Hague).Google Scholar
  33. Szalai, A., Petrella, R., editors, in collaboration with Rokkan, S., and Scheuch, E. K.: 1972, Cross-national comparative survey research: theory and practice: papers and proceedings of the Roundtable Conference on Cross-National Comparative survey Research (Budapest). (Pergamon, Oxford, Toronto).Google Scholar
  34. Szalai, Alexander (ed).: 1972, The Use of Time (Mouton, The Hague).Google Scholar
  35. Walker, Kathryn E. and Margaret E. Woods: 1976, Time Use: A Measure of Household Production of Family Goods and Services (American Home Economics Association, Washington, D.C.).Google Scholar
  36. Wilson, W. Clarke: 1983, You Are What You Do: The Self-organization of Daily Activity in the Urban Environment. (A thesis submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  37. Young, Michael and Peter Willmott: 1973, The Symmetrical Family. (Penguin Books Ltd., Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew S. Harvey
    • 1
  1. 1.Economics DepartmentSt. Mary's UniversityHalifaxCanada

Personalised recommendations