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Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism induced by protoplast fusion in Cruciferae

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The mitochondrial genomes of five rapeseed somatic hybrid plants, which combine in a first experimentBrassica napus chloroplasts and a cytoplasmic male sterility trait coming fromRaphanus sativus, and in a second experiment chloroplasts of a triazine resistantB. compestris and a cytoplasmic male sterility trait fromR. sativus, were analyzed by restriction endonucleases. Restriction fragment patterns indicate that these genomes differ from each other and from both parents. The presence of new bands in the somatic hybrid mitochondrial DNA restriction patterns is evidence of mitochondrial recombination in somatic hybrid cells. In both parental and somatic hybrid plants large quantitative variations in a mitochondrial plasmid-like DNA have been observed. Our results suggest that the cytoplasmic support for male sterility is located in the chromosomal mitochondrial DNA instead of the plasmid-like DNA.

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Communicated by D. von Wettstein

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Chetrit, P., Mathieu, C., Vedel, F. et al. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism induced by protoplast fusion in Cruciferae. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 69, 361–366 (1985).

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