Marine Biology

, Volume 90, Issue 2, pp 151–158 | Cite as

Characteristics of the uptake system for L-lysine and L-arginine inPhaeodactylum tricornutum

  • K. J. Flynn
  • P. J. Syrett


Cells ofPhaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin develop the ability to take up L-lysine when they are deprived of nitrogen (illuminated in nitrogen-free medium), carbon (incubated in darkness) or both. Cells with a developed uptake system take up and accumulate lysine in an unchanged form. Uptake occurs under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions and is dependent on the presence of sodium+ ions (KsNa+=,ca. 10 mM). Some potassium+ ions are necessary for uptake, presumably within the cells, but with potassium+-replete cells, increasing K+ concentration depresses lysine uptake. The lysine-uptake porter also transports L-arginine.Ks values are about 1.5 μM for lysine and 0.5 μM for arginine. It is, however, possible that the uptake system developed by incubating cells in darkness differs from that produced in light; it shows a pronounced pH optimum at pH 8.5, whereas the activity of the light-developed system declines from pH 6.5 to pH 9.0 and correlates well with the concentration of lysine+. The uptake system developed in darkness may also have a higher affinity for lysine. Lysine uptake is not inhibited by 1 mM concentrations of nitrate, nitrate, ammonium, or urea nor by similar concentrations of amphoteric or acidic amino acids.


Nitrogen Ammonium Nitrate Potassium Urea 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. J. Flynn
    • 1
  • P. J. Syrett
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant and Microbial Metabolism Research Group, School of Biological SciencesUniversity College of SwanseaSwanseaSouth Wales, UK

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