Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp 265–292 | Cite as

Modeling behavior of cross-ply ceramic matrix composites under quasi-static loading

  • J. P. Solti
  • S. Mall
  • D. D. Robertson


This paper presents a simplified analysis (model and failure criteria) for predicting the stress-strain responce of cross-ply fiber-reinforced ceramic composite laminates under quasi-static loading and unloading conditions. The model formulation is an extension of the modified shear-lag theory previously introduced by the authors for analyzing unidirectional laminates for the same loading conditions. The present formulation considers a general damage state consisting of matrix cracking in both the transverse and longitudinal plies, as well as fiber failure. These damage modes are modeled by a set of failure criteria with the minimum reliance on empirical data, and can be easily employed in a variety of numerical or analytical methods. The criteria used to estimate the extent of matrix cracking and interfacial debonding are closed-form and require the basic material properties. The failure criterion for fiber failure requires a priori knowledge of a single empirical constant. This parameter, however, may be determined without microscopic investigation of the laminate microstructure. The results from the present simplified analysis match well with the experimental data.

Key words

ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) cross-ply laminate shear-lag theory composite modeling (micromechanics) 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Solti
    • 1
  • S. Mall
    • 1
  • D. D. Robertson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Astronautics and AeronauticsAir Force Institute of Technology

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