Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 215–230 | Cite as

Sediment acid neutralization in softwater lakes

  • L. A. Baker
  • P. L. Brezonik
  • E. S. Edgerton
  • R. W. OgburnIII


Acid neutralizing capacities (ANC) of sediments from McCloud Lake, Florida and seven other lakes in Wisconsin and Florida were as high as 10 meq 100 g−1 over the pH range 4.5 to 5.5 in well-mixed batch experiments. Exchange of Ca2+ and Mg2+ accounted for over 50% of the neutralizing capacity; Al solubilization and sulfate adsorption were unimportant in neutralizing H+ additions. ANC was correlated with sediment volatile solids content. Sulfate reduction occurred in microcosms that simulated lake-water interactions and subsurface seepage;in situ pore water profiles and a whole-lake mass balance confirm the occurrence of this process in McCloud Lake. Sediment neutralization is important for lakes that receive most of their water from precipitation and thus are particularly susceptible to acidification.


Precipitation Sulfate Mass Balance Pore Water Solid Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Almer, B., Dickson, W., Ekstrom, C., and Hornstrom, E.: 1978, in Nriagu, J. O., (ed.),Sulfur in the Environment, Part II: Ecological Impacts, John Wiley and Sons, New York, p. 271.Google Scholar
  2. APHA: 1981,Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 15th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  3. Baker, L. A.: 1984,Mineral and Nutrient Cycles and Their Effect on the Proton Balance of a Softwater, Acidic Lake, Ph. D. Dissertation, U. of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.Google Scholar
  4. Baker, L. A., Brezonik, P. L., and Edgerton, E. S.: 1982, inExtended Abstracts, 185th National Meeting American Chemical Society, March 28 April 1, Las Vegas, p. 163.Google Scholar
  5. Baker, L. A. and Brezonik, P. L.: 1984, inProc. Sixth Internat. Conf. Environmental Biogeochemistry, Oct. 10–11, 1983, in press. Brezonik, P. L.: 1969, unpublished data.Google Scholar
  6. Brezonik, P. L. and Perry, T. E.: 1983,Role of Lake Sediments in Neutralizing Acid Inputs to Softwater Florida Lakes, Completion report to Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Inc., Gainesville.Google Scholar
  7. Brezonik, P. L., Hendry, C. D., Jr., Edgerton, E. S., Schulze, R. L., and Crisman, T. L.: 1983,Acidity, Nutrients, and Minerals in Atmospheric Precipitation over Florida: Deposition Patterns, Mechanisms, and Ecological Effects, EPA 600/S3 83-004 (NTIS PB 83-165-837) Corvallis, Ore.Google Scholar
  8. Chen, C. W., Gherini, S. A., and Goldstein, R. A.: 1979, inProc. Workshop on Ecological Effects of Acid Precipitation, Central Electricity Research Laboratory, Surry, England.Google Scholar
  9. Christopherson, N. and Wright, R. F.: 1981,Water Resour. Res. 17, 371.Google Scholar
  10. Cogbill, C. V. and Likens, G. E.: 1974,Water Resour. Res. 10, 1133.Google Scholar
  11. Collins, V. G., D'Sylva, B. T., and Latter, P. M.: 1978, in Perkin and Heal (eds.), Ecology of British Moors and Montane Grasslands,Ecol. Studies,27, 113.Google Scholar
  12. Cook, R. B. and Schindler, D. W.: 1983, in Hallberg, R. (ed.),Environmental Biogeochemistry, Ecol. Bull.35, 115.Google Scholar
  13. Driscoll, C. T., Baker, J. P., Bisogni, J. J., and Schofield, C. L.: 1982, inExtended Abstracts, 185th National Meeting Am. Chem. Soc. March 28 April 1, Las Vegas, p. 494.Google Scholar
  14. Eilers, J. M., Glass, G. E., Webster, K. E., and Rogalla, J. A.: 1983,Can. J. Fish. Aquatic Science 40, 1896.Google Scholar
  15. Hemond, H. F.: 1980,Ecol. Monogr. 50, 507.Google Scholar
  16. Henriksen, A.: 1980, in Drablos, D., and Tollan A. (eds.),Proc. Conf. Ecol. Impact Acid Precip., Oslo, Norway, p. 68.Google Scholar
  17. Hongve, D.: 1978,Verb. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 20, 743.Google Scholar
  18. Johnson, D. W., Hornbeck,J. W., Kelley, J. M., Swank, W. T., and Todd, D. E.: 1980, in Shriner, D. S., Richmond, C. R., and Lindberg S. E. (eds.),Atmospheric Sulfur Deposition: Environmental Impact and Health Effects, Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Mich., p. 507.Google Scholar
  19. Johnson, N. M., Driscoll, C. T., Eaton, J. S., Likens, G. E., and McDowell, W. H.: 1981,Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, 1421.Google Scholar
  20. Kahl, J. S., Norton, S. A., and Williams, J. S.: 1982, inExtended Abstracts, 185th National Meeting Am. Chem. Soc., March 28–April 1, Las Vegas, p. 486.Google Scholar
  21. Kerekes, J., Howell, G., Beauchamp, S., and Pollock, T.: 1982,Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 76, 679.Google Scholar
  22. Kilham, P.: 1982,Limnol. Oceanogr. 27, 856.Google Scholar
  23. May, H. M., Helmke, P. A., and Jackson, M. L.: 1979,Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 43, 861.Google Scholar
  24. Nordstrom, D. K.: 1982,Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46, 681.Google Scholar
  25. Nriagu, J. O. and Hem, J. D.: 1978, in Nriagu, J. O. (ed.),Sulfur in the Environment, Part II: Ecological Impacts, John Wiley and Sons, New York, p. 211.Google Scholar
  26. Ogden, J. G., III: 1982,Water, Soil, Air Poll. 17, 119.Google Scholar
  27. Oliver, B. G. and Kelso, J. R. M.: 1983,Water, Air, Soil Poll. 20, 379.Google Scholar
  28. Rajan, S. S. S.: 1978,Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 42, 39.Google Scholar
  29. Rippon, J. E., Skefington, R. A., Wood, M. J., Brown, K. A., and Brown, D. J. A.: 1980, in Drablos, D., and Tollen, A. (eds.),Proc. Int. Conf. Impact Acid Precip, SNSF project, Oslo, Norway, p. 276.Google Scholar
  30. Schnoor, J. L., Eilers, J. M., and Glass, G. E.: 1983,Nature, submitted.Google Scholar
  31. Stumm, W. and Morgan, J. J.: 1981,Aquatic Chemistry, 2nd ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York.Google Scholar
  32. Thompson, M. E.: 1982,Water, Air, Soil Poll. 18, 215.Google Scholar
  33. Volk, B.: 1982, personal communication.Google Scholar
  34. Wright, R. F.: 1984, in Schnoor, J. L. (ed.),Modelling of Total Precipitation Impacts, Acid Precipitation Series Vol. 9, p. 73.Google Scholar
  35. Wright, R. F., and Johannessen, M.: 1980, in Drablos, D., and Tollan, A. (eds.),Proc. Int. Conf. Ecol. Impact Acid Precip., SNSF project, Oslo, Norway, p. 250.Google Scholar
  36. Zinder, S. H., and Brock, T. D.: 1978, in Nriagu, J. O. (ed.),Sulfur in the Environment, Part II: Ecological Impacts, John Wiley and Sons, New York, p. 445.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Baker
    • 1
  • P. L. Brezonik
    • 1
  • E. S. Edgerton
    • 2
  • R. W. OgburnIII
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. Civil and Mineral Engineering University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Inc.GainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Breedlove AssociatesOrlandoUSA

Personalised recommendations