Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 343–345 | Cite as

Carbohydrates, amino acids, phytin, and macroelements of the herbage ofTrifolium pratense

  • A. L. Kazakov
  • I. I. Samokish


Two monosaccharides have been found by paper chromatography in an aqueous extract of the herbage of red clover (Trifolium pratense). One of them has been identified as glucose. After hydrolysis of a dry water-soluble extract by paper chromatography in the presence of markers, galactose, arabinose, xylose, and mannose were detected. By paper chromatography in the presence of markers the amino acids phenylalanine, leucine (isoleucine), methionine, aspartic acid, proline, alanine, and histidine have been identified. Phytin with decomp. p 276°C has been isolated and identified, giving, after hydrolysis, inositol with mp 225–226°C, and Ca2+, Mg2+, and PO 4 3− have been detected. The amount of ash in the herbage of clover is 8.4% and the amount insoluble in HC1 1.5%. The amounts of macroelements were determined by the flame photometry of a solution of the ash (mg−%): K+ 1620; Na+ 310; Ca2+ 1240; Mg2+ 1090.


Monosaccharide Aqueous Extract Paper Chromatography Calcium Oxalate Inositol Phosphate 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Kazakov
  • I. I. Samokish

There are no affiliations available

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