Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 129–134 | Cite as

Effects of tensile plastic deformation on the magnetic properties of AISI 4140 steel

  • D. C. Jiles
  • D. Utrata


The magnetic properties of a number of specimens of AISI 4140 alloy steel were measured after they had been subjected to different amounts of tensile plastic deformation. Results showed that while some magnetic parameters such as coercivity and initial permeability varied in a simple manner with plastic deformation, others such as anhysteretic permeability and maximum differential permeability were largely insensitive to the deformation. These conclusions have implications for the separation of elastic and plastic strain from magnetic nondestructive evaluation measurements.

Key words

Magnetic properties permeability hysteresis plastic deformation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B. D. Cullity,Introduction to Magnetic Materials (Addison-Wesley, 1972) Chapter 8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. C. McClure and K. Schroeder,CRC Crit. Rev. Sol. St. Sci. 6 45 (1976).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Tiitto,Acta Polytech. Scand. 119 1 (1977).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. A. Matzkanin, R. E. Beissner, and C. M. Teller, S.W.R.I. Report No. NTIAC-79-2 (1979).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Ono and M. Shibata,Mater. Eval. 55 (1980).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Edwards and S. B. Palmer,J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (in press).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Abuku,Jap. Journ. Appl. Phys. 16 1161 (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Langman,N.D.T. International 16 59 (1983).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. L. Burkhardt and H. Kwun,J. Appl. Phys. 61 1576 (1987).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. L. Atherton and A. Teitsma,J. Appl. Phys. 53 8130 (1982).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. M. Teller, J. R. Barton, G. A. Matzkanin, F. N. Kusenberger, and R. E. Beissner,Trans ASME 102 50 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. C. Murphy,Proceedings of the Second National Seminar on Ferromagnetic Materials (Houston, 1986) p. 5.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. J. Craik and M. J. Wood,J. Phys. D. 3 1009 (1970).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. S. Schneider and E. A. Semeken,J. Appl. Phys. 52 245 (1981).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. L. Atherton, C. Welbourn, D. C. Jiles, L. Reynolds, and J. Scott Thomas,IEEE Trans. Mag. MAG-20 2129 (1984).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. C. Jiles and D. L. Atherton,J. Phys. D. 17 1265 (1984).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. L. Atherton and D. C. Jiles,NDT International 19 15 (1986).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Habermehl and D. C. Jiles, in D. O. Thompson and D. E. Chimenti, eds.,Review of Progress in Quantitative NDE (Plenum, New York, 1986) Vol. 5A, p. 843.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. A. Theiner and I. Altpeter in P. Höller, ed.,New Procedures in Nondestructive Testing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1983), p. 575.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. C. Jiles and J. D. Verhoeven, in D. O. Thompson and D. E. Chimenti, eds.,Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (Plenum, New York, 1987), Vol 6B, p. 1681.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. D. Yensen and N. A. Ziegler,Trans ASM 23 556 (1935).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. C. Jiles, C. V. Owen, and W. A. Spitzig,J. Nondest. Eval. (1987).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. C. Jiles,J. Phys. D. 21 1186 (1988).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. C. Jiles, C. V. Owen, and W. A. Spitzig, “Magnetic properties of porous iron compacts.” To be published inJ. Nondest. Eval. (1987).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. C. Jiles and D. L. Atherton,J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 61 48 (1986).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. C. Jiles,J. Phys. D. 21 1196 (1988).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. F. Krause and B. D. Cullity,J. Appl. Phys. 39 5532 (1968).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    B. D. Cullity,Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 227 356 (1963).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. J. Sablik, H. Kwun, G. L. Burkhardt, and D. C. Jiles,Proceedings of the 32nd MMM Conference, J. Appl. Phys., (March 1988).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. Abuku,Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 16 1161 (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Jiles
    • 1
  • D. Utrata
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Nondestructive Evaluation and Department of Materials Science and EngineeringIowa State UniversityAmes
  2. 2.Association of American RailroadsChicago

Personalised recommendations