Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 86–92 | Cite as

Change in the structural elements of cotton-plant lignins in the various vegetation periods

  • N. A. Veksler
  • L. S. Smirnova
  • Kh. A. Abduazimov
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Summary

1. The dioxane lignins of the cottonplant of various vegetation periods have been studied, and it has been shown that the lignin changes in the course of the development of the plant: the amount of methoxy groups increases and the amount of phenolic hydroxy groups decreases.

2. Gel chromatography of the lignins has shown that they are all polydisperse with a predominance of the high-molecular-weight fraction.

3. The 3,4-diethoxybenzaldehyde detected in the products of the alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation of dioxane lignin of the early vegetation period after its ethylation with diethyl sulfate is a direct proof of the presence of catechol structural units in cotton-plant lignin.

4. A quantitative determination of the catechol structures in the lignins of the cottonplant has shown that their amount decreases as the plant develops.

5. By decomposing the lignins with sodium and liquid ammonia, the presence in them of guaiacyl, syringyl, and p-coumaryl structural units has been confirmed and it has been shown that the lignin becomes less condensed as the plant grows, which is apparently connected with an increase in the degree of its methoxylation.

Keywords

Catechol Methoxy Structural Unit Nitrobenzene Hydroxy Group 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    N. A. Veksler, L. S. Smirnova, and Kh. A. Abduazimov, Khim. Prirodn. Soedin., 645 (1974).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. A. Veksler, L. S. Smirnova and Kh. A. Abduazimov, Khim. Prirodn. Soedin., 80 (1976).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Björkman, Svensk, Papperstidn.,59, 477 (1956),60, (158) (1967).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. F. Prokshin, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Lesnoi Zh., No. 5, 141 (1956).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. F. Prokshin, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Lesnoi Zh., No. 6, 113 (1969).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. F. Zakis, V. Ya. Neiberte, and A. Ya. Mel'ke, Khim. Drev.,14, 98 (1973).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. D. Bogomolov and S. D. Pal'mova, Nauch. Tr. Arkangel'skogo Lesotekhn. Inst., No. 38, 51 (1973).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ch'ien Jen-yüan, Determination of Molecular Weights of Polymers [in Russian], Moscow (1962).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. D. Alekseev, V. M. Reznikov, B. D. Bogomolov, and O. M. Sokolov, Khim. Drev., No. 4, 49 (1969).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. N. Yakobson, P. P. Ernin'sh, B. A. Tsinite, and G. P. Veveris, Khim. Drev., No. 3,44, (1976).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. N. Shorygina and A. F. Semechkina, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., No. 4, 715 (1963); No. 5, 884 (1964); Khim. Drev., No. 1, 57 (1968); Zh. Obshch. Khim.,23, 1593 (1953);28, 3265 (1958).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. N. Shorygina and A. F. Semechkina, Tr. ILKhP i KhD Akad. Nauk LatvSSR,19, 65 (1960).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. A. Saidalimov, L. S. Smirnova, and Kh. A. Abduazimov, Khim. Prirodn. Soedin., 643 (1976).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Yamaguchi, M. Miyazaki, and A. Sakakibara, Mokuzai Gakkaishi,19, No. 1, 23 (1973).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Yamaguchi, Mokuzai Gakkaishi,19, No. 3, 141 (1973).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. P. Mikhailov, N. N. Shorygina, and N. K. Vorob'ev, in: The Chemistry and Uses of Lignin [in Russian], Riga (1974), p. 321.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. M. Reznikov and V. F. Novitskii, Khim. Prirodn. Soedin.,77, 283 (1975).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. F. Zakis, L. N. Mozheiko, and G. M. Telysheva, Methods of Determining the Functional Groups of Lignin [in Russian], Riga (1975), pp. 16, 124, 118, 41 (1975).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. McNair and E. Bohelli, Basic Gas Chromatography, fourth ed., Varian Aerograph, Walnut Creek, Calif. (1968).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Veksler
  • L. S. Smirnova
  • Kh. A. Abduazimov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations