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The moon

, Volume 8, Issue 1–2, pp 129–148 | Cite as

Major and trace elements in igneous rocks from apollo 15

  • Philip A. Helmke
  • Douglas P. Blanchard
  • Larry A. Haskin
  • Karen Telander
  • Charles Weiss
  • Jeffrey W. Jacobs
Article

Abstract

The concentrations of major and trace elements have been determined in igneous rocks from Apollo 15. All materials analyzed have typical depletions of Eu except for minerals separated from sample 15085. Four samples have concentrations of trace elements that are similar to those of KREEP. The samples of mare basalt from Apollo 15 have higher concentrations of FeO, MgO, Mn, and Cr and lower concentrations of CaO, Na2O, K2O, and rare-earth elements (REE) as compared to the samples of mare basalt from Apollos 11, 12, and 14. The samples can be divided into two groups on the basis of their normative compositions. One group is quartz normative and has low concentrations of FeO while the other is olivine normative and has high concentrations of FeO. The trace element data indicate that the samples of olivine normative basalt could be from different portions of a single lava flow. At least two and possible three parent magmas can be identified from the samples of the quartz normative group on the basis of their concentration ratios of Sm to Eu. Within each group, the compositions of the samples appear to be related by crystallization of olivine or pyroxene. Significant variations of the ratio of concentration of Sm to Eu cannot be produced without plagioclase-liquid equilibrium. The source material of mare basalt may be depleted in Eu. Alternatively, the magmas may have assimilated a small volume of material similar to KREEP.

Keywords

Crystallization Quartz Olivine Small Volume Concentration Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip A. Helmke
    • 1
  • Douglas P. Blanchard
    • 1
  • Larry A. Haskin
    • 1
  • Karen Telander
    • 1
  • Charles Weiss
    • 1
  • Jeffrey W. Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of ChemistryUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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