Disposition of dibekacin in patients undergoing haemodialysis
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The pharmacokinetics of Dibekacin were studied in 10 patients with terminal renal impairment (creatinine clearance <5 ml/min) undergoing haemodialysis sessions lasting 4 h. The dialyzers were either the Gambro Lundia Major 13.5 or the Ultra Flo II 1.4., and the patients were divided into two groups according to the dialyzer used. Blood flow varied between 250 and 280 ml/min and dialyzate flow between 450 and 600 ml/min. All patients received a single i. v. dose of Dibekacin 1.5 mg/kg at the beginning of the dialysis session. The concentration of the antibiotic at the input and the output of the dialyzer were determined microbiologically by a plate diffusion method usingB. subtilis as the test organism. The intravenously administered antibiotic followed an open two-compartment kinetic model. The type of dialyzer used did not influence the dialysis of Dibekacin. Haemodialysis significantly increased the elimination rate of the antibiotic with respect to the interdialysis periods. The plasma half-life in the slow disposition phase fell from 30 h in the interdialysis period to 4.0 h during dialysis sessions. From the calculated pharmacokinetic parameters, a dosage regimen for this kind of patient is proposed.
Key wordsdibekacin renal failure dialysis pharmacokinetics microbiological assay dosage regimen
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