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Russian Physics Journal

, Volume 35, Issue 10, pp 981–983 | Cite as

The energy of a closed universe in a reference frame formed by a set of freely moving clocks

  • N. N. Gorobei
  • A. S. Luk'yanenko
Elementary Particle Physics And Field Theory
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

The Hamiltonian of a closed universe is found in a reference frame formed by a set of freely moving clocks. In this physically defined gauge the energy of the universe is positively defined.

Keywords

Reference Frame Closed Universe 
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Literature cited

  1. 1.
    C. Misner, C. Torn, and J. Wheeler, Gravitation [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. N. Gorobei and A. S. Luk'yanenko, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Fiz., No. 1, 29–32 (1990).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Gorobei
  • A. S. Luk'yanenko

There are no affiliations available

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