Russian Physics Journal

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 10–17 | Cite as

The hidden mass of the universe

  • O. B. Firsov
Elementary Particle Physics And Field Theory


It is generally accepted that the hidden mass of the Universe consists of massive neutrinos or other hypothetical particles (axions, photinos, etc. We assert that there is no basis for such hypotheses. Even if the neutrino possesses a mass, it would be too small, and despite the great efforts to observe the other particles, the results have been negative. If the mass distribution law f(M) ∼ M−2 established for meteors meteorites and asteroids in the range between 10−12 and 1020 g is extended to the Universe as a whole, one obtains values for the density of the luminous matter, transparency of the galaxies and of the Universe which agree with those observed. It is assumed that the primordial deuterium was burnt up during continuous star formation, and the deuterium observed at present is of a secondary origin. It is shown that very probably the metallicity of stars of the solar type may in reality be tens of times greater than that observed in the photosphere which reflects only the metallicity of a convection layer with a thickness of less than 0.2 of the radius. The difficulties that arise if it is assumed that the dark matter consists of hypothetical noninteracting particles are mentioned: at t ≅ 1013 sec there cannot be any perturbations of the density of particles with mc2<20 eV at a level of 10−4 (absence of fluctuations of the microwave background radiation); particles with mc2>103 eV should decay during a period of 108–109 years and thus distort significantly the t(T) dependence; particles with mc2>105 eV strongly reduce the thermonuclear synthesis time and consequently (D/H)>10−3 and (4HeH)<0.2.


Convection Dark Matter Deuterium Mass Distribution Massive Neutrino 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. B. Firsov

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