Russian Physics Journal

, Volume 36, Issue 10, pp 974–981 | Cite as

Artificial modification of the ionosphere by launches of rockets which insert space vehicles into orbit

  • P. M. Nagorskii
  • Yu. E. Tarashchuk


Results are presented from vertical (ionogram) and inclined (frequency and signal strength variations of reference shortwave stations) probing of artificial ionospheric disturbances (AIDs) formed by powerful rockets during the active portion of their flight. Experimental data obtained over the course of several dozen rocket launches are generalized. The processes of evolution of an AID initiated by shock-acoustic waves are studied theoretically and experimentally, together with questions of shortwave radio scattering on such disturbances.


Experimental Data Signal Strength Space Vehicle Ionospheric Disturbance Strength Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    D. M. Rote, AIAA J.,71, 3 (1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. D. Karlov, S. I. Kozlov, and G. N. Tkachev, Kosmich. Issled.,18, No. 1, 266 (1980).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. S. Al'porovich, E. A. Ponomarev, and G. V. Fedorovich, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Fiz. Zeml., No. 11, 9 (1985).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. I. Avdyushin, N. V. Vetchinkin, S. I. Kozlov, et al., Kosmich. Issled.,31, No. 1, 3 (1993).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Mendillo, G. S. Hawkins, and J. A. Klobuchar, J. Geophys. Res.,80, No. 16, 2217 (1975).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Zinn, C. D. Sutherland, S. N. Stone, et al., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.,44, No. 12, 1143 (1982).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. A. Bernhardt, N. E. Swartz, M. C. Kelly, et al., Astro. Lett. Comm.,27, 183 (1988).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Tolstoy, H. Montes, G. Rao, et al., J. Geophys. Res.,75, No. 28, 5621 (1970).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. A. Andreeva, O. F. Klyuev, Yu. I. Portnyagin, et al., Study of Upper Atmosphere Processes by the Artificial Cloud Method [in Russian], Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1991).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. A. Bernhardt, AIAA Paper, No. 889 (1980).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. N. Vetchinkin, L. V. Granitskii, Yu. V. Platov, et al., Kosmich. Issled.,31, No. 1, 93 (1993).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. N. Reinisch, COSPAR Space Research 13, Vol. 1, Academie-Verlag, Berlin (1973), p. 503.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. C. Elers, S. Jacobs, L. J. Lezhet, et al., Aerokosmich. Tekh.,3, No. 5, 76 (1985).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V. M. Vystavnoi, I. A. Shumilov, et al., Geomagn. Aeronom.,30, No. 3, 512 (1990).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. I. Averenkova, É. A. Ashratov, T. G. Volkonskaya, et al., Supersonic Ideal Gas Jets [in Russian], Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow (1980).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. D. Kovalev and V. I. Myshenkov, Uch. Zap. TsAGI,9, No. 3, 125 (1978).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. P. Munts, B. B. Kheimel, and B. L. Megair, Raketn. Tekh. Kosmonavt., No. 9, 141 (1970).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. K. Paul, G. G. Smith, and J. Wright, The Ray Approximation in Radiowave Propagation Problems [Russian translation], Nauka, Moscow (1971), p. 174.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Argo, T. J. Fitzgerald, and R. Carlos, Radio Sci.,27, No. 2, 289 (1992).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. I. Kozlov and Yu. A. Romanovskii, Kosmich. Issled.,31, No. 1, 26 (1993).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Davis, Radiowaves in the Ionosphere [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1973).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu. E. Tarashchuk, P. M. Nagorskii, B. B. Borisov, et al., Transient Processes in the Earth's Ionosphere and Their Effect on Shortwave Propagation [in Russian], Tomsk. Gos. Univ., Tomsk (1986).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    N. G. Abramovich, Applied Gas Dynamics [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1976).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. M. Nagorskii, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Mekh. Fiz. Zeml., No. 11, 66 (1985).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. M. Nagorskii and Yu. E. Tarashchuk, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Fiz.,35, No. 9, 110 (1992).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. M. Brekhovskikh, Waves in Layered Media [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1973).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. E. Gossard and W. H. Hook, Waves in the Atmosphere [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Nagorskii
  • Yu. E. Tarashchuk

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations