Oecologia

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 107–114 | Cite as

Isopods as indicators of the copper content of soil and litter

  • Wolfgang Wieser
  • Günther Busch
  • Lotte Büchel
Article

Summary

In two species of isopods (mainlyTracheoniscus rathkei, plus a fewOniscus asellus) total copper content as well as the amount of copper extractable with zinc-dibenzyldithiocarbamate in CCl4 (CTC) were determined. Both copper fractions show near perfect relationship with total copper concentration of the litter collected in the isopods' habitats. Between copperrich and copper-poor sites in Tirol, Austria, mean total copper content of the isopods varies by a factor of 7, mean CTC-extracted copper by a factor of 140 (Table 2). With the exception of one, particularly impoverished, site the concentration of copper in the CTC-extracted compartment reflects the total copper concentration of the food of the animals. Both copper fractions increase with the weight of animals, but the proportionality factor of the increase is three times larger for total copper than for CTC-extracted copper.

A simplified geological map of Tirol is given in which the relationship between copper content of soil and litter and of the isopods at selected sites is indicated.

Keywords

Copper CCl4 Copper Concentration Copper Content Proportionality Factor 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, W.R., Sheppard, P.M.: Copper tolerance in some Californian populations of the monkey flowerMimulus guttatus. Proc. roy. Soc. B177, 177–196 (1971)Google Scholar
  2. Baker, D.E.: Copper: Soil, water, plant relationships. Fed. Proc.33, 1188–1193 (1974)Google Scholar
  3. Banat, K., Förstner, U., Müller, G.: Schwermetalle in den Sedimenten von Donau, Rhein, Ems, Weser und Elbe im Bereich der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Naturwissenschaften59, 525–528 (1972)Google Scholar
  4. Brown, N.A., Hemingway, R.g.: A rapid method for the determination of copper in biological tissues by means of zinc-dibenzyldithiocarbamate. Res. vet. Sci.3, 345–347 (1962)Google Scholar
  5. Bryan, G.W.: Adaptation of an estuarine polychaete to sediments containing high concentrations of heavy metals. In: Pollution and physiology of marine organisms (F.J. Vernberg, W.B. Vernberg, eds.), pp. 123–135. New York: Academic Press 1974Google Scholar
  6. Bryan, G.W., Hummerstone, L.G.: Adaptation of the polychaeteNereis diversicolor to estuarine sediments containing high concentrations of heavy metals. I. General observations and adaptation to copper. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K.51, 845–863 (1971)Google Scholar
  7. Bryan, G.W., Hummerstone, L.G.: Brown seaweed as an indicator of heavy metals in estuaries in South West England. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K.53, 705–720 (1973a)Google Scholar
  8. Bryan, G.W., Hummerstone, L.G.: Adaptation of the PolychaeteNereis diversicolor to estuarine sediments containing high concentrations of zinc and cadmium. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K.53, 839–857 (1973b)Google Scholar
  9. Chow, T.J.: Lead Accumulation in roadside soil and grass. Nature (Lond.)225, 295–296 (1970)Google Scholar
  10. Ferry, B.W., Baddeley, M.S., Hawksworth, D.L. (eds.): Air pollution and lichens, p. 389. London: The Athlone Press of the University of London 1973Google Scholar
  11. Gams, H.: Erzpflanzen der Alpen. Jahrb. Ver. Schutz d. Alpenpfl. u. Tiere (München)31, 1–9 (1966)Google Scholar
  12. Goodman, G.T., Roberts, T.M.: Plants and soils as indicators of metals in the air. Nature (Lond.)231, 287–292 (1971)Google Scholar
  13. Höll, W., Hampp, R.: Blei in der Biosphäre, einige Aspekte. Naturwiss. Rdsch.27, 273–276 (1974)Google Scholar
  14. Hopkinson, J.M., Wilson, R.H., Smith, B.N.: Lead levels in plants. Naturwissenschaften59, 421–422 (1972)Google Scholar
  15. Lee, J.A., Tallis, J.H.: Regional and historical aspects of lead pollution in Britain. Nature (Lond.)245, 216–218 (1973)Google Scholar
  16. Lerche, H., Breckle, S.W.: Blei im Ökosystem Autobahnrand. Naturwissenschaften61, 218 (1974)Google Scholar
  17. LeRoy, L.W., Koksoy, M.: The lichens, a possible plant medium for mineral exploration. Econ. Geol.57, 107–111 (1962)Google Scholar
  18. McNeilly, T., Bradshaw, A.D.: Evolutionary processes in populations of copper tolerantAgrostis tenuis Sibth. Evolution (Lancaster, Pa.)22, 108–118 (1968)Google Scholar
  19. Müller, G., Förstner, U.: Cadmium-Anreicherung in Neckar-Fischen. Naturwissenschaften60, 258–259 (1973)Google Scholar
  20. Preston, A., Jeffries, D.F., Dutton, J.W.R., Harvey, B.R., Steele, A.K.: British isles coastal waters: The concentrations of selected heavy metals in sea water suspended matter and biological indicators — a pilot survey. Environ. Pollut.3, 69–82 (1972)Google Scholar
  21. Schulz-Baldes, M.: Toxizität und Anreicherung von Blei bei der MiesmuschelMytilus edulis im Laborexperiment. Mar. Biol.16, 226–229 (1972)Google Scholar
  22. Schulz-Baldes, M.: Die MiesmuschelMytilus edulis als Indikator für die Bleikonzentration im Weserästuar und in der Deutschen Bucht. Mar. Biol.21, 98–102 (1973)Google Scholar
  23. Skaar, H., Ophus, E., Gullvag, B.M.: Lead accumulation within nuclei of moss leaf cells. Nature (Lond.)241, 215–216 (1973)Google Scholar
  24. Smith, W.H.: Lead and mercury burden of urban woody plants. Science176, 1237–1239 (1972)Google Scholar
  25. Turner, R.G.: Heavy metal tolerance in plants. In: Ecological aspects of mineral nutrition of plants (I.H. Rorison, ed.), Oxford-Edinburgh: Blackwell 1969Google Scholar
  26. Vernberg, F.J., Vernberg, W.B. (eds.): Pollution and physiology of marine organisms. 492 pp. New York: Academic Press 1974Google Scholar
  27. Vohryzka, K.: Die Erzlagerstätten von Nordtirol und ihr Verhältnis zu alpinen Tektonik. Jb. Geol. Bundesanst. (Wien)111, 3–88 (1968)Google Scholar
  28. Wiese, J., Jakobi, N.: Zur Bleiaufnahme von Würmern am Beispeil desTubifex. Naturwissenschaften62, 396 (1975)Google Scholar
  29. Wieser, W.: Copper in isopods. Nature (Lond.)191, 1020 (1961)Google Scholar
  30. Wieser, W.: Aspects of nutrition and metabolism of copper in isopods. Amer. Zoologist8, 495–506 (1968)Google Scholar
  31. Wieser, W., Klima, J.: Compartmentalization of copper in the hepatopancreas of isopods. Mikroskopie24, 1–9 (1969)Google Scholar
  32. Wieser, W., Makart, H.: Der Sauerstoffverbrauch und der Gehalt an Ca, Cu und einigen anderen Spurenelementen bei terrestrischen Asseln. Z. Naturforsch.16 b, 816–819 (1961)Google Scholar
  33. Wieser, W., Wiest, L.: Ökologische Aspekte des Kupferstoffwechsels terrestrischer Isopoden. Oecologia (Berl.)1, 38–48 (1968)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Wieser
    • 1
  • Günther Busch
    • 1
  • Lotte Büchel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Zoophysiologie der Universität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

Personalised recommendations