Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 1602–1615 | Cite as

Solution crystallization of polyethylene at high temperatures

Part 3 The fold lengths
  • S. J. Organ
  • A. Keller
Papers

Abstract

Single crystals of polyethylene have been grown from solution in various solvents at temperatures between 70 and 120° C. This represents an overlap in crystallization conditions with those used for melt growth, where substantial isothermal thickening is known to occur during growth. The crystal thicknesses have been measured by Raman spectroscopy. Values of the equilibrium dissolution temperature and fold surface free energy are calculated for each solvent and the results analysed using the kinetic theory. Variations in crystal properties with time of crystallization are also investigated. A specific dependence of fold length on supercooling has been found to apply over the whole temperature range, consistent with predictions by the kinetic theories of crystallization in spite of changes in morphology which are incompatible with assumptions underlying the theoretical model. No evidence for isothermal thickening has been observed, except possibly for a small marginal effect at the highest temperature of 120° C investigated, over the same temperature range where melt crystallized material shows the effect prominently. Crystals grown at all temperatures displayed a rise in dissolution temperature with time which could be associated with an increase in surface perfection. All these findings have wider implications for our picture of polymer crystallization and crystal structure which are discussed here. A further, explicit, correlation with melt crystallization is deferred to a subsequent publication.

Keywords

Crystallization Raman Spectroscopy Kinetic Theory Surface Free Energy Crystallization Condition 

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Organ
    • 1
  • A. Keller
    • 1
  1. 1.H. H. Wills Physics LaboratoryUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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