Reading and Writing

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 63–73 | Cite as

Fourth grade follow-up of reading and spelling skills of French immersion students

  • Hyla Rubin
  • Anne Turner
  • Miriam Kantor


Twenty-one French immersion and traditional English program students, originally assessed in first grade, were retested on single-word reading and spelling in fourth grade. The immersion students, who had shown equivalence with the control students on most written language measures in first grade, maintained their equivalence in fourth grade. Furthermore, they demonstrated slight superiority over the English program students in reading non-words. Their first-grade advantage in linguistic analysis ability may have helped their written English skills to develop comparably to those of the control subjects despite much less exposure to, and instruction in, written English. It is suggested that although no other advantage was seen at this time from their early heightened linguistic analysis ability, the French immersion subjects may surpass the English program students once they can join their linguistic analysis skill to greater expereince with written English.


Bilingualism French immersion linguistic awareness reading spelling 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyla Rubin
    • 1
  • Anne Turner
    • 2
  • Miriam Kantor
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate Department of Speech PathologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Woodstock School BoardWoodstockCanada
  3. 3.Peel Board of EducationMississaugaCanada

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