Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 26, Issue 24, pp 6673–6684 | Cite as

Wetting and interfacial reactions in Al-Li-SiCp metal matrix composites processed by spray atomization and deposition

  • M. Gupta
  • I. A. Ibrahim
  • F. A. Mohamed
  • E. J. Lavernia
Papers

Abstract

The present study addresses the wetting and interfacial behaviour in a SiCp reinforced aluminium-lithium alloy processed by spray atomization and deposition. The microstructural characteristics of the spray atomized and deposited Al-Li-SiCp metal matrix composites were investigated as a function of processing history and thermal exposure. The present results show that there was sufficient interfacial activity at the Al-Li/SiC interface during deposition to establish a stable bond. Furthermore, the absence of interfacial reaction products suggests that the temperature during deposition remained relatively low. When the spray deposited material was exposed to temperatures in excess of 600 °C, severe interfacial reactions and the formation of oxide phases were noted. The microstructural studies were accomplished using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy), transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffractometry.

Keywords

Transmission Electron Microscopy Optical Microscopy Interfacial Reaction Microstructural Characteristic Oxide Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. G. Fishman,J. Metals 38 (1986) 26.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Flom andR. J. Arsenault,J. Metals 38 (1986) 31.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Flom andR. J. Arsenault,Mater. Sci. Engng. 77 (1986) 191.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. H. M. Howes,J. Metals 38 (1986) 28.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Mortensen, M. N. Gungor, J. A. Cornie andM. C. Flemings,J. Metals 38 (1986) 30.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Mortensen, J. A. Cornie andM. C. Flemings,J. Metals 40 (1988) 12.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. C. Nardone andK. W. Prewo,Scripta Metall. 20 (1986) 43.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. J. Rack, Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Composite Materials, edited by F. L. Matthews, N. C. R. Buskell, J. M. Hodgkinson and J. Morton (Elsevier, London, 1987) p. 2.382.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Ruhle andA. G. Evans, Materials Research Symposium Proceedings120 (1988) 293.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. K. Rohatgi, R. Asthana andS. Das,Int. Met. Rev. 31 (1986) 115.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. L. Mahar, R. Jakasand andC. A. Bruch, “Behavior study of sapphire wool, aluminum and Al alloy composites” (Tech. Rep. AFML-TR-68, May 1968).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. L. Mehan andE. Feingold,J. Mater. 2 (2) 1967) 239.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. R. Shelty andT.-W. Choo,Met. Trans. A. 16 (1985) 853.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. M. Wolf, A. P. Levitt andJ. Brown,Chem. Engng. Prog. 62 (1966) 74.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. Delannay, L. Froyen andA. Deruyttere,J. Mater. Sci. 22 (1987) 1.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. G. Levi, G. J. Abaschian andR. Mehrabian,Met. Trans. A. 9 (1978) 697.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Banerjee, MSc Thesis (University of Kerala, India, 1982).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Ueki, M. Naka andI. Okamoto,J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 5 (1986) 1261.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    D.-J. Lee, M. D. Vaudin, C. A. Handwerker andU. R. Kattner, Materials Research Symposium Proceedings120 (1988) 293.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. R. Nutt andR. W. Carpenter,Mater. Sci. Engng. 75 (1985) 169.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Lea andC. Molinari,J. Mater. Sci. 19 (1984) 2336.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Malis andM. C. Chaturvedi,J. Mater. Sci. 17 (1982) 1479.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Duralcan Metal Matrix Composites, May–June (1989) Data Report Package (Dural Aluminum Composites Corporation, San Diego, CA 92121).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    T. W. Clyne, M. G. Bader, G. R. Cappleman andP. A. Hubert,J. Mater. Sci. 20 (1985) 85.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. W. Clyne andJ. F. Mason,Met. Trans. 18 (1987) 1519.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. A. Cornie, A. Mortensen andM. C. Flemings, Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM and ECCM, edited by F. L. Matthews, N. C. R. Buskell, J. M. Hodgkinson and J. Morton (Elsevier, London, 1987) p. 2.297.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. Mortensen, J. A. Cornie andM. J. C. Flemings,Met. Trans. 19 (1988) 709.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Mehrabian, Materials Research Society Symposium120 (1988) 3.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. L. Marcus, D. L. Bourell, Z. Eliezer, C. Persad andW. F. Weldon,J. Metals 39 (12) (1987) 6.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. M. Papazian,Met. Trans. 19 (1988) 2945.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Ochia andK. Osamura,Met. Trans. 18 (1987) 673.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    E. F. Fascetta, R. G. Riek, R. Mehrabian andM. C. Flemings, Trans. AFS,81 (1973) 81.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. Mehrabian andM. C. Flemings, Trans. AFS,80 (1972) 173.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    M. Gupta, F. A. Mohamed andE. J. Lavernia,Materials and manufacturing processes,5 (1990) 165.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Gupta, F. A. Mohamed andE. J. Lavernia, in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advances in Processing and Characterization of Ceramic Metal Matrix Composites, CIM/ICM, 17, edited by H. Mostaghaci (Pergamon Press, 1989) p. 236.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    T. C. Willis,Metals and Materials,4 (1988) 485.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. L. Buhrmaster, D. E. Clark andH. O. Smart,J. Metals 40 (1988) 44.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. R. E. Singer,Annals of the CIRP,32 (1983) 145.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    I. A. Ibrahim, F. A. Mohamed andE. J. Lavernia,J. Mater. Sci. 26 (1991) 1137.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    E. J. Lavernia, T. S. Srivatsan andF. A. Mohamed,J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 25 (1990) 1137.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    E. J. Lavernia andN. J. Grant,Intl. J. Rapid Solidif. 2 (1986) 93.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. Ruhr, E. Lavernia andJ. Baram,Metall. Trans. A. 21 (1990) 1785.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. H. Bricknell,Met. Trans. 17 (1986) 583.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Private communication with Tracor-Northern, Middleton, WI 53562.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    E. Gutierrez, E. J. Lavernia, G. Trapaga, J. Szekely andN. J. Grant,Met. Trans. A 20 (1989) 71.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    E. J. Lavernia,Intl. J. Rapid Solidif. 5 (1989) 47.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    R. J. Arsenault,Mater. Sci. Eng. 64 (1984) 171.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. P. Divecha, S. G. Fishman andS. D. Karmarkar,J. Metals 33 (1981) 12.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    J. C. Baram, M. K. Veistinen, E. J. Lavernia, M. Abinante andN. J. Grant,J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1988) 2457.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    S-Y. Oh, J. A. Cornie andK. C. Russell, Ceramic Engineering Science Proceedings, 8 [7–8] (1987) 912.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    J. E. McDonald andJ. G. Eberhart, Trans. TMS-AIME,233 (1965) 512.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    V. Laurent, D. Chatain andN. Eustathopoulos,J. Mater. Sci. 22 (1987) 244.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    R. Warren andC. H. Anderson,Composites 15 (1984) 101.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    E. J. Lavernia, E. Gutierrez, J. Szekely andN. J. Grant,Intl. J. Rapid Solidif. 4 (1988) 89.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    R. Mehrabian, R. G. Riek andM. C. Flemings,Metall. Trans. A.5 (1974) 1899.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    R. J. Arsenault andC. D. Pande,Scripta Metall. 18 (1984) 1131.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    S. Nourbaksh, H. Margolin andF. L. Liang,Met. Trans. 20 (1989) 2159.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    J. M. Yang, W. H. Kao andC. T. Lin,Met. Trans. 20 (1989) 2459.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    K. Kannikeswaran andR. Y. Lin,J. Metals (Sept. 87) 17.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    T. Iseki, T. Kameda andT. Maruyama,J. Mater. Sci. 19 (1984) 1692.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    M. J. Couper, M. Nauer, R. Baumann andR. F. Singer, Brown Boveri Laboratory Report (Dec. 1987).Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    D. J. Field, G. M. Scamans andE. P. Butler, in “Aluminium-Lithium Alloys “II”, edited by E. A. Starke Jr. and T. H. Sanders Jr. (April 12–14, 1983, Monterey, California) pp. 657–666.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    J. M. Marinkovich, F. A. Mohamed, J. R. Pickens andE. J. Lavernia,J. Metals 41 (9) (1989) 36.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    L. S. Darken andR. W. Gurry in “Physical Chemistry of Metals” (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gupta
    • 1
  • I. A. Ibrahim
    • 1
  • F. A. Mohamed
    • 1
  • E. J. Lavernia
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Section, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

Personalised recommendations