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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 51–64 | Cite as

Masonry fireplace emissions test method: Repeatability and sensitivity to fueling protocol

  • Curtis H. Stern
  • Dennis R. Jaasma
  • Mark R. Champion
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

A test method for masonry fireplaces has been evaluated during testing on six masonry fireplace configurations. The method determines carbon monoxide and particulate matter emission rates (g/h) and factors (g/kg) and does not require weighing of the appliance to determine the timing of fuel loading.

The intralaboratory repeatability of the test method has been determined from multiple tests on the six fireplaces. For the tested fireplaces, the ratio of the highest to lowest measured PM rate averaged 1.17 and in no case was greater than 1.32. The data suggest that some of the variation is due to differences in fuel properties.

The influence of fueling protocol on emissions has also been studied. A modified fueling protocol, tested in large and small fireplaces, reduced CO and PM emission factors by roughly 40% and reduced CO and PM rates from 0 to 30%. For both of these fireplaces, emission rates were less sensitive to fueling protocol than emission factors.

Keywords

Carbon Monoxide Environmental Management Multiple Test Emission Rate Emission Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Jaasma, D.R., Stern, C.H., and Shelton, J.W.: In press, ‘Progress in the Development of a Test Method for Fireplace Particulate Matter and Carbon Monoxide Emissions’, Biomass and Bioenergy.Google Scholar
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    40 CFR Part 60: 1988, ‘Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources; New Residential Wood Heaters’, Federal Register, February 26, pp. 5860–5926.Google Scholar
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    Stern, C.H., Jaasma, D.R., Shelton, J.W., and Satterfield, G.: 1992, ‘Parametric Study of Fireplace Particulate Matter and Carbon Monoxide Emissions’, Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, Vol. 42, No. 6, pp. 777–783.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Curtis H. Stern
    • 1
  • Dennis R. Jaasma
    • 1
  • Mark R. Champion
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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