Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 183–199 | Cite as

Cadmium and zinc source assessment in the Sepetiba Bay and basin region

  • C. Barcellos
  • L. D. Lacerda
Article

Abstract

Industrial and weathering inputs of Cd and Zn to the Sepetiba Bay and basin were assessed, based on production parameters obtained from local environment and industry authorities, and literature data. The results are compared with similar evaluations from other coastal regions and field data obtained in measuring Zn and Cd transport by rivers, direct run-off and atmospheric deposition in the region. Cadmium and zinc inputs to the bay increased by three orders of magnitude relative to pre-industrial fluxes and presently reach up to 1.6 and 180 tonnes per year for Cd and Zn, respectively, which represents a large input-to-area ratio, and explains the high concentration of these metals previously reported in the estuarine biota and sediments of Sepetiba Bay. Industrial activities, mainly metallurgical and chemical, comprise 94% and 84% of the total Cd and Zn inputs to the Bay. This figure identifies the point sources as being responsible for the environmental contamination and for regional poisoning risks.

Keywords

Zinc Cadmium Point Source Field Data Coastal Region 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Barcellos
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. D. Lacerda
    • 1
  1. 1.Departmento de Geoquímica, Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade Federal FluminenseNiterói, RJBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Informações para a SaúdeFundação Oswaldo CruzRio de JaneiroBrazil

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