Skip to main content
Log in

Tilapia cage culture and the dissolved oxygen trends in Sampaloc Lake, the Philippines

  • Published:
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The 28-hectare tilapia cage culture that occupied the 104-hectare Sampaloc Lake, a crater lake, shifted to intensive method in 1986 when tilapia growth slowed done at the beginning of 1982. Thus, commercial feeds became the main source of allochthonous organic matter in the lake. Total feeds given annually for the 28-hectare cage culture at 3 croppings per year amounted to 5250 tons. At feed conversion ratio of 1 : 2 a significant portion of the feeds given ended as organic wastes in the lake. In 1988, tilapia cage operators began experiencing their worst occurrences of fishkill, worth millions of pesos. An assessment of the dissolved oxygen condition of Sampaloc lake in late 1989, 1990 and mid-1991 showed ominous trends which might adversely affect the use of Sampaloc lake for fishery.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Adelman, L.R. and Smith, L.L.: 1970, ‘Effect of Oxygen on Growth and Food Conversion Efficiency of Northern Pike’, Progressive Fish-Culturist 32, 93–96.

    Google Scholar 

  • American Public Health Association: 1989, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 17th Edition, Washington, DC pp. 4–154–155.

  • Aquino, L.V. and Nielsen, B.H.: 1983, ‘Primary Production and Growth Rate of Tilapia nilotica in cages in Sampaloc Lake, Philippines’ in Fishelson, L. and Yaron, Z. (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Nazareth, Israel 8–13 May 1983, pp. 456–462.

  • Aquino, L.V.: 1982, ‘Some Ecological Considerations Relative to Cage Culture of Tilapia nilotica in Sampaloc Lake, M. Sc. Thesis, University of the Philippines in the Visayas, Iloilo City, Philippines.

    Google Scholar 

  • Basiao, Z.U. and Doyle, R.W.: 1990, ‘Interaction Between Test and Reference Populations when Tilapia Strains are Compared by the “Internal Control” Technique’, Aquaculture 85, 207–214.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chiba, K.: 1984, ‘Relationship Between Fish Culture Methods and Pondwater Quality in Freshwater Fish Culture’, in Sindermann, C.J. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 13th U.S.-Japan Meeting on Environmental Quality and Aquaculture Systems, Mie, Japan 24–25 October 1984, pp. 1–7.

  • Herrmann, R.B., Warren, C.E. and Doudoroff, P.: 1962, ‘Influence of Oxygen Concentration on the Growth of Coho Salmon’, Trans. American Fisheries Soc. 91, 155–167.

    Google Scholar 

  • Itazawa, Y.: 1971, ‘An Estimation of the Minimum Level of Dissolved Oxygen in the Water Required for Normal Life of Fish’, Bull. Japanese Society for Science and Fishery 37, 237–276.

    Google Scholar 

  • Oswald, W.J., Hee, R.J. and Gotaas, H.B.: 1958, ‘Studies of Photosynthetic Oxygenation. Pilot Plant Experiments, I, II, III’, Progress Report No. 8, Sanitary Engineering Laboratory I.E.R., Series 44 (9), pp. 192.

  • Phillips, M.J., Beveridge, M.C.M. and Ross, L.G.: 1985, ‘The Environmental Impact of Salmonid Cage Culture on Inland Fisheries: Present Status and Future Trends’, J. Fish Biology 27 (Supplement A), 123–137.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ross, B. and Ross L.G.: 1983, ‘The Oxygen Requirement of Oreochromis niloticus under Adverse Conditions’, in Fishelson, L. and Yaron, Z. (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Nazareth, Israel 8–13 May 1983, pp. 134–143.

  • Stewart, N.E., Shumway, D.L. and Doudoroff, P.: 1967, ‘Influence of Oxygen Concentration on the Growth of Juvenile Largemouth Bass’, J. Fisheries Research Board of Canada 24, 475–495.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sutherland, B.G.: 1974, ‘Preliminary Report on the 1973–74 Limnological Investigation of Sampaloc Lake’, Unpublished report. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Republic of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines.

  • Yamagata, Y., Oonoka, S., Harada, M. and Niwa, M.: 1983, ‘Influence of Concentration of Dissolved Oxygen on the Growth of Japanese Eel, Anguilla japonica, Bull. Japanese Society for Science and Fishery 49, 1335–1339.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Santiago, A.E., Arcilla, R.P. Tilapia cage culture and the dissolved oxygen trends in Sampaloc Lake, the Philippines. Environ Monit Assess 24, 243–255 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00545981

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00545981

Keywords

Navigation