Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 1012–1016 | Cite as

Hardness of steel and thermal contact resistance

  • H. J. Goldsmid
  • J. N. Johnston
Papers

Abstract

Experiments on steel samples are reported for a new type of hardness tester based on the measurement of thermal contact resistance. These experiments have been carried out using a machine-mounted probe and a newer hand-held double-probe. It is shown that, by using the double-probe, errors due to the sample not having reached ambient temperature can be avoided. Although, ideally, the thermal conductivity of the sample should be much greater than that of the probe tip, it is found that it is simple to apply a correction to the apparent hardness number if this condition is not met. The standard deviation in the Vickers hardness number H, that is yielded by the hand-held probe ranges from 10% to 14% as H changes from 150 to 850 kg mm−2, but the observations with the machine-mounted probe indicate that a much higher accuracy than this is possible.

Keywords

Polymer Standard Deviation Thermal Conductivity Ambient Temperature Contact Resistance 

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References

  1. 1.
    H. J. Goldsmid and J. N. Johnston, J. Phys. E., Sci. Instrum. in press.Google Scholar
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    W. T. Clark and R. W. Powell, J. Sci. Instrum. 39 (1962) 545.Google Scholar
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    H. J. Goldsmid, J. Phys. E., Sci. Instrum. 12 (1979) 1129.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Goldsmid
    • 1
  • J. N. Johnston
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysicsUniversity of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia

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