Effect of liver failure on the pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide
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The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide was investigated in 7 patients in severe liver failure. The pharmacokinetic data were compared with those derived from a matched control group of patients with normal liver function. The half-life (t1/2) of cyclophosphamide following intravenous administration in patients with liver failure was 12.5±1.0 h (m±SD), which was significantly longer than in the normal controls in whom it was 7.6±1.4 h (p<0.001). The mean total body clearance (Clt) was significantly smaller in liver failure at 44.8+8.6l·kg−1 than in the controls in whom it was 63.0±7.6l·kg−1 (p<0.01). It is concluded that severe liver disease has a significant effect on the disposition of cyclophosphamide, and that it could lead to accumulation of the drug in the body.
Key wordscyclophosphamide liver failure pharmacokinetics
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