Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1479–1483 | Cite as

Preparation of needle-like TiZrO4 and PZT powders

  • T. Kimura
  • A. Takenaka
  • T. Mifune
  • Y. Hayashi
  • T. Yamaguchi


Needle-like TiZrO4 powder was prepared by reacting TiO2 and ZrO2 in the presence of molten chloride (NaCI or KCI) or sulphate (Na2SO4 or Li2SO4). Either a single-phase TiZrO4 or a three-phase mixture (TiZrO4, ZrO2 and amorphous TiO2) was obtained from the chloride or sulphate system. Particle morphology was dependent on heating temperature and duration as well as salt species. Needle-like PZT powder was obtained by reacting needle-like TiZrO4 powder with PbO above 750 °C. The PZT powder obtained at 750°C was composed of both tetragonal and rhombohedral phases, indicating a wide compositional variation. An increase in heating temperature reduced the degree of compositional variation, but enhanced the deformation of needle-like particles.


Polymer Sulphate Chloride TiO2 Na2SO4 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kimura
    • 1
  • A. Takenaka
    • 1
  • T. Mifune
    • 1
  • Y. Hayashi
    • 1
  • T. Yamaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologyKeio UniversityYokohamaJapan

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