Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 23, Issue 10, pp 3623–3629 | Cite as

Effect of modifier concentration on the fracture behaviour of rubber-modified PMMA

  • Nilesh Shah


Izod fracture surfaces of blends of PMMA with various amounts of a rubber modifier were studied using scanning electron microscopy. Attention was focused on modes of crack initiation and propagation and on the role of the modifier in the fracture process. It was found that the impact strength of this class of materials increased monotonically with an increase in modifier concentration, at least up to 40 wt% modifier. Unmodified PMMA was studied to provide a basis for understanding the morphological features on the fracture surfaces of the rubber-modified blends. It was confirmed that PMMA fractures through the formation and rupture of crazes. This phenomenon was also found to occur in blends containing 10 wt% modifier. However, blends with 20 wt% modifier crazed only in the later stages of the fracture process, when the crack speed had exceeded some critical value. No evidence of crazing was found in blends with 30 and 40 wt% modifier loadings, although extensive plastic deformation was observed on the fracture surfaces.


Polymer Electron Microscopy Scanning Electron Microscopy Rubber Plastic Deformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. B. Bucknall, in “Toughened Plastics” Applied Science Publishers, London (1977) p. 182.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. G. Gilbert and A. M. Donald, J. Mater. Sci. 21 (1986) 1819.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. M. Hagerman, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 17 (1973) 2203.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. M. Donald and E. J. Kramer, J. Mater. Sci. 17 (1982) 1765.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. B. Bucknall, I. K. Partridge and M. V. Ward, ibid. 19 (1984) 2064.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Milios, G. C. Papanicolaou and R. J. Young, ibid. 21 (1986) 4281.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Hull and T. W. Owen, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 11 (1973) 2039.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. P. Kusy and D. T. Turner, Polymer 18 (1977) 391.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. J. Doyle, J. Mater. Sci. 17 (1982) 204.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Idem., ibid. 18 (1983) 687.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. N. Haward and I. Brough, Polymer 10 (1969) 724.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Matsushige, Y. Sakurada and K. Takahashi, J. Mater. Sci. 19 (1984) 1548.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilesh Shah
    • 1
  1. 1.Research LaboratoriesRohm and Haas Co.BristolUSA

Personalised recommendations