Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 617–651 | Cite as

The science of adhesion

Part 2 Mechanics and mechanisms of failure
  • A. J. Kinloch
Review

Abstract

The previous paper, Part 1, reviewed surface and interfacial phenomena, including mechanisms of adhesion. The present paper, Part 2, reviews the mechanics and mechanisms of failure of adhesive joints and the effects of various operating environments on joint performance.

Keywords

Polymer Adhesive Joint Joint Performance Interfacial Phenomenon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. J. Kinloch, J. Mater. Sci. 15 (1980) 2141.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. S. Alwar and Y. R. Nagaraja, J. Adhesion 7 (1976) 279.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. D. Adams, J. Coppendale and N. A. Peppiatt, J. Strain Anal. 13 (1978) 1.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. W. Kuenzi and G. H. Stevens, U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, Report Number FPL-011 (1963).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. N. Gent and P. B. Lindley, Proc. Roy. Soc. A249 (1958) 195.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Idem, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. 173 (1959) 111.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. P. Holownia, J. Strain Anal. 7 (1972) 236.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. J. Hart-Smith, in “Developments in Adhesives-2” edited by A. J. Kinloch (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1981) p. 1.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. D. Adams, in “Developments in Adhesives-2” edited by A. J. Kinloch (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1981) p. 45.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. L. Harrison and W. J. Harrison, J. Adhesion 3 (1972) 195.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    O. Volkersen, Luftfahrtforsch 15 (1938) 41.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Goland and E. Reissner, J. Appl. Mech. 2 (1944) A-17.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Mylonas, Proc. Soc. Exp. Stress Anal. 12 (1954) 129.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. Sneddon, in “Adhesion” edited by D. D. Eley (Oxford University Press, London, 1961) p. 207.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Greenwood, in “Aspects of Adhesion-5” edited by D. J. Alner (University of London Press, London, 1970) p. 40.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. D. Adams, S. H. Chambers, P. J. A. Del Strother and N. A. Peppiatt, J. Strain Anal. 8 (1973) 52.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. D. Adams and N. A. Peppiatt, ibid. 8 (1973) 134.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. D. Adams and N. A. Peppiatt, ibid. 9 (1974) 185.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. D. Adams, J. Coppendale and N. A. Peppiatt, in “Adhesion-2” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1978) p. 105.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. J. Renton and J. R. Vinson, J. Adhesion 7 (1975) 175.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Idem, Eng. Fract. Mechs. 7 (1975) 175.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Idem, J. Appl. Mech. 44 (1977) 101.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. J. Allman, Mechs. Appl. Maths. 30 (1977) 415.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. W. Cherry and N. L. Harrison, J. Adhesion 2 (1970) 125.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. J. Hart-Smith, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington D.C., Report Number CR-2218, 1974.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Idem, Douglas Aircraft Co., Long Beach, CA, Report Number 6059A, 1972.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Idem, Douglas Aircraft Co., Long Beach, CA, Report Number 6224, 1974.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Idem, Douglas Aircraft Co., Long Beach, CA, Report Number 6707, 1978.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Idem, Douglas Aircraft Co., Long Beach, CA, Report Number 6922, 1980.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. J. Grant, “Jointing in Fibre Reinforced Plastics” (IPC, Guildford, 1978) p. 41.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Mylonas and N. A. De Bruyne, in “Adhesion and Adhesives” edited by W. A. De Bruyne and R. Houwink (Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York and Oxford, 1951) p. 91.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    O. Ishai, D. Peretz and S. Gali, Expt. Mechs. 17 (1977) 265.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. P. Penning, Engineering Sciences Data Unit, London, Report Number 78042, 1978.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    O. Volkersen, Const. Met. 4 (1965) 3.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    F. Erdogan and M. Ratnani, J. Adhesion 5 (1971) 378.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    F. Thamm, ibid. 7 (1976) 301.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. W. Cherry and N. L. Harrison, ibid. 2 (1970) 125.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. D. Wright, Composites 9 (1978) 259.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    G. N. Sage, in “Adhesion-3” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1979) p. 123.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. H. Kaelble, Trans. Soc. Rheol. 3 (1959) 161.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Idem, ibid. 4 (1960) 45.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Idem, ibid. 9 (1965) 135.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    D. H. Kaelble and C. L. Ho, ibid. 18 (1974) 219.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    J. J. Bikerman, J. Appl. Phys. 28 (1957) 1484.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Y. Inoue and Y. Kobatake, Appl. Sci. Res. A8 (1959) 321.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    J. L. Gardon, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 7 (1963) 625.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Idem, ibid. 7 (1963) 643.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    G. J. Spies, Aircraft Eng. 30 March (1953) 2.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    C. Jouwersma, J. Polymer Sci. 45 (1960) 253.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    C. Mylonas, Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Rheology, Providence, USA, 1963, Part 2 (Wiley Interscience, New York, 1965) p. 423.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    J. J. Bikerman, “The Science of Adhesive Joints” (Academic Press, New York, 1968) p. 243.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    W. C. Wake, “Adhesion and the Formulation of Adhesives” (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1976) p. 121.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    A. W. Gent and G. R. Hamed, J. Adhesion 7 (1975) 91.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. Crocombe and R. D. Adams, “Adhesion and Adhesives: Science, Technology and Applications” (Plastics and Rubber Institute, London, 1980) p. 10.1.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    R. D. Adams and A. Crocombe, J. Adhesion 12 (1981) 127.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    R. L. Lubkin and E. Reissner, Trans. ASME 78 (1956) 1213.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    N. M. Kukovyakin and I. A. Skoryi, Russ. Eng. J. 52(4) (1972) 40.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    L. P. Terekhova and I. A. Skoryi, Strength Mater. 4 (1973) 1271.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    R. D. Adams and N. A. Peppiatt, J. Adhesion 9 (1977) 1.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Y. R. Nagaraja and R. S. Alwar, ibid. 10 (1979) 97.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    H. Foulkes, J. Shields and W. C. Wake, ibid. 2 (1970) 254.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    R. W. Bryant and W. A. Dukes, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 16 (1965) 101.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Idem, Appl. Polymer Sympos. 3 (1966) 81.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    R. T. Humpidge and B. J. Taylor, J. Sci. Instrum. 44 (1967) 457.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    W. T. McCarvill and J. P. Bell, J. Adhesion 6 (1974) 185.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    F. C. Bossler, N. C. Franzblau and J. L. Rutherford, J. Phys. E. 1 (1968) 829.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    C. Mylonas, Proceedings of the VIIth International Congress on Applied Mechanics, London, Vol. 4 (1948) p. 137.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    N. J. Dellois and O. Montoya, Appl. Polymer Sympos. 19 (1972) 417.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    F. Swanson, Polymer Eng. Sci. 17 (1977) 122.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    B. W. Cherry and K. W. Thomson, in “Adhesion-1” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1977) p. 251.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    S. E. Garf, V. I. Myshko and R. A. Iuchenko, Sintez-I-Fizikv-Khiniya Polimerov 13 (1974) 162.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Y. Inoue and Y. Kobatake, Appl. Sci. Res. A7 (1958) 53.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    A. C. Elm, Official Digest 28 (1956) 752.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    N. A. De Bruyne, J. Appl. Chem. 6 (1956) 303.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Y. Inoue and Y. Kobatake, Appl. Sci. Res. A7 (1958) 314.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Idem, Kolloid Z. 18 (1958) 18.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    H. Danneberg, SPE J. 21 (1965) 669.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    S. Gusman, Official Digest 34 (1962) 884.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    J. J. Bikerman, in “The Science of Adhesive Joints” (Academic Press, New York and London, 1968) p. 192.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    W. C. Wake, Trans. I.R.I. 35 (1959) 145.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    J. A. Carlson and L. P. Sapetta, Adhesives Age 19(12) (1967) 26.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    M. H. Stone, “Adhesion and Adhesives: Science Technology and Applications” (Plastics and Rubber Institute, London, 1980) p. 101.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    L. Greenwood, T. R. Boag and A. S. McLaren, “Adhesion, Fundamentals and Practice” (McLaren, London, 1969) p. 273.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    J. F. Knott, “Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanics” (Butterworths, London, 1973) p. 94.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    J. G. Williams, “Stress Analysis of Polymers” 2nd edn (Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1980) p. 291.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    A. N. Gent, Rubb. Chem. Technol. 47 (1974) 202.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    A. J. Kinloch and S. J. Shaw, in “Developments in Adhesives-2” edited by A. J. Kinloch (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1981) p. 82.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    G. P. Anderson, S. J. Bennett and K. L. Devries, “Analysis and Testing of Adhesive Bonds” (Academic Press, New York and London, 1977).Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    A. A. Griffith, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A221 (1920) 163.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    E. Orowan, Rep. Progr. Phys. 12 (1948) 185.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    G. R. Irwin, Appl. Mats. Res. 3 (1964) 65.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    R. S. Rivlin and A. G. Thomas, J. Polymer Sci. 10 (1953) 291.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    A. N. Gent, A. Ahagon, N. J. Kim and Y. Kumagi, Rubb. Chem. Technol. 48 (1975) 896.Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    J. R. Rice, in “Fracture — An Advanced Treatise” Vol. 2, edited by H. Liebowitz (Academic Press, New York and London, 1968) p. 191.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    E. H. Andrews (ed), in “Developments in Polymer Fracture-1” (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1979) p. 1.Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    H. W. Westergaard, J. Appl. Mech. A 6 (1939) 46.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    D. P. Rooke and D. J. Cartwright, “Compendium of Stress Intensity Factors” (HMSO, London, 1976) p. 7.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    H. Tada, P. C. Paris and G. R. Irwin, “The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook” (Del Research Corporation, Hellertown, PA, 1973) p. 1.Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    F. Erdogan, Eng. Fract. Mech. 4 (1972) 811.Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    H. T. Corten, in “Fracture — An Advanced Treatise” Vol. 7, edited by H. Liebowitz (Academic Press, New York and London, 1972) p. 676.Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    J. G. Williams, Adv. Polymer Sci. 27 (1978) 68.Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    G. G. Trantina, J. Compos. Mater. 6 (1972) 192.Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    S. S. Wang, J. F. Mandell and F. J. McGarry, Int. J. Fract. 14 (1978) 39.Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    G. G. Trantina, J. Composite Mater. 6 (1972) 371.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    K. Arin and F. Erdogan, Int. J. Eng. Sci. 9 (1971) 213.Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    E. Wu and R. L. Thomas, Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Rheology, Kyoto, 1968 Vol. 1 (University Park Press, Baltimore, 1969) p. 575.Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    A. Piva and E. Viola, Eng. Fract. Mechs. 13 (1980) 143.Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    S. G. Sawyer and R. B. Anderson, ibid. 4 (1972) 605.Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    P. B. Lindley, J. Inst. Rubber Ind. 5 (1971) 243.Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    T. Hata, M. Gamo and Y. Doi, Kobienshi Kagaku 22 (1965) 152.Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    B. V. Deryaguin and N. A. Krotova, Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR 61 (1948) 849.Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    A. N. Gent and G. R. Hamed, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 21 (1977) 2817.Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    A. N. Gent and A. J. Kinloch, J. Polymer Sci. A-29 (1971) 659.Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    E. H. Andrews and A. J. Kinloch, Proc. Roy. Soc. A332 (1973) 385.Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Idem, ibid. A332 (1973) 401.Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Idem, J. Polymer Sci., Sympos. 46 (1974) 1.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    E. H. Andrews and N. E. King, J. Mater. Sci. 11 (1976) 2004.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    H. Danneberg, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 14 (1961) 125.Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    B. M. Malyshev and R. L. Salganik, Int. J. Fract. Mechs. 1 (1965) 114.Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    M. L. Williams, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 13 (1969) 29.Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Idem, ibid. 14 (1970) 1121.Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Idem, J. Adhesion 5 (1973) 81.Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    S. J. Bennett, K. L. Devries and M. L. Williams, Int. J. Fract. 10 (1974) 33.Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    G. P. Anderson, K. L. Devries and M. L. Williams, J. Coll. Interf. Sci. 47 (1974) 600.Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    G. P. Anderson, S. J. Bennett and K. L. Devries, “Analysis and Testing of Adhesive Bonds” (Academic Press, New York and London, 1977) p. 58.Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    E. Andrews and A. Stevenson, J. Mater. Sci. 13 (1978) 1680.Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    J. D. Burton, W. B. Jones and M. L. Williams, Trans. Soc. Rheol. 15 (1971) 39.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    S. J. Bennett, G. P. Anderson and M. L. Williams, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 14 (1970) 735.Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    M. L. Williams, K. L. Devries and R. R. Despain, J. Dent. Res. 52 (1973) 517.Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    G. P. Anderson, S. J. Bennett and K. L. Devries, “Analysis and Testing of Adhesive Bonds” (Academic Press, New York and London, 1977) p. 185.Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    M. L. Williams, J. Adhesion 3 (1972) 1.Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    T. Kunio and M. L. Williams, Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Space, Tokyo, Japan, August 1969 (1970) p. 217.Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    K. L. Johnson, K. Kendall and A. D. Roberts, Proc. Roy. Soc. A324 (1971) 301.Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    D. Maugis and M. Barquins, J. Phys. D 11 (1978) 1989.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    A. D. Roberts and A. G. Thomas, in “Adhesion-1” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1977) p. 141.Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    K. N. G. Fuller and D. Tabor, Proc. Roy. Soc. A345 (1975) 327.Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    E. J. Ripling, S. Mostovoy and P. L. Patrick, Mat. Res. Stds 4 (1964) 129.Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Idem, A.S. T.M., S. T.P. 360 (1964) 5.Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    S. Mostovoy and E. J. Ripling, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 10 (1966) 1351.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    S. Mostovoy, P. B. Crosley and E. J. Ripling, J. Mater. 2 (1965) 661.Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    S. Mostovoy and E. J. Ripling, Report Number N00019-75-C-0271, Naval Air Systems Command, Washington, U.S.A., 1975.Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    T. R. Brussat, S. T. Chin and S. Mostovoy, Report Number TR-77-162, Air Force Materials Laboratory, Dayton, U.S.A., 1977.Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    W. D. Bascom, J. L. Bitner, R. J. Moulton and A. R. Siebert, Composites 11 (1980) 9.Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Y. W. Mai, J. Adhesion 7 (1975) 141.Google Scholar
  145. 146.
    E. H. Andrews and A. Stevenson, in “Adhesion-3” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1979) p. 81.Google Scholar
  146. 147.
    E. H. Andrews and A. Stevenson, J. Adhesion 11 (1980) 17.Google Scholar
  147. 148.
    M. L. Williams, Int. J. Fract. Mechs. 10 (1974) 33.Google Scholar
  148. 149.
    W. D. Bascom, R. L. Cottington and C. O. Timmons, Appl. Polymer Symposium 32 (1977) 165.Google Scholar
  149. 150.
    D. R. Mulville, D. L. Hunston and P. W. Mast, J. Eng. Mat. Technol. 100 (1978) 25.Google Scholar
  150. 151.
    Y. W. Mai and A. S. Vipond, J. Mater. Sci. 13 (1978) 2280.Google Scholar
  151. 152.
    A. D. Jonath, in “Adhesion and Adsorption of Polymers” Part A, edited by L. H. Lee (Plenum Press, New York, 1980) p. 175.Google Scholar
  152. 153.
    W. D. Bascom, C. O. Timmons and R. L. Jones, J. Mater. Sci. 10 (1975) 1037.Google Scholar
  153. 154.
    W. D. Bascom and J. Oroshnik, ibid. 13 (1978) 1411.Google Scholar
  154. 155.
    R. A. Gledhill, A. J. Kinloch, S. Yamini and R. J. Young, Polymer 19 (1978) 574.Google Scholar
  155. 156.
    R. A. Gledhill and A. J. Kinloch, Polymer Eng. Sci. 19 (1979) 82.Google Scholar
  156. 157.
    W. D. Bascom, R. L. Cottington, R. L. Jones and P. Peyser, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 19 (1975) 2545.Google Scholar
  157. 158.
    W. D. Bascom and R. L. Cottington, J. Adhesion 7 (1976) 333.Google Scholar
  158. 159.
    W. D. Bascom, R. L. Cottington and C. O. Timmons, Naval. Eng. J. 88 (1976) 73.Google Scholar
  159. 160.
    D. L. Hunston, J. L. Rushford, J. L. Bitner and J. Oroshnik, J. Elastomers Plast. 12 (1980) 133.Google Scholar
  160. 161.
    A. J. Kinloch and S. J. Shaw, J. Adhesion 12 (1981) 59.Google Scholar
  161. 162.
    D. L. Hunston, J. L. Bitner, W. S. Rose, J. L. Rushford and C. K. Riew, ibid. 13 (1981) to be published.Google Scholar
  162. 163.
    J. N. Sultan and F. J. McGarry, Polymer Eng. Sci. 13 (1973) 29.Google Scholar
  163. 164.
    R. Drake and A. Siebert, SAMPE Quart. 6(4) (1975) 11.Google Scholar
  164. 165.
    S. Mostovoy and E. J. Ripling, Appl. Polymer Symp. 19 (1972) 395.Google Scholar
  165. 166.
    M. Takashi, K. Ogawa, R. Katita and T. Kuno, Proceedings of the Japan Congress on Materials Research 16 (1973) 211.Google Scholar
  166. 167.
    R. A. Gledhill, A. J. Kinloch and S. J. Shaw, J. Mater. Sci. 14 (1979) 1769.Google Scholar
  167. 168.
    S. Mostovoy and E. J. Ripling, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 13 (1979) 1083.Google Scholar
  168. 169.
    E. J. Ripling, S. Mostovoy and C. Bersch, J. Adhesion 3 (1971) 145.Google Scholar
  169. 170.
    A. J. Kinloch, R. A. Gledhill and W. A. Dukes, in “Adhesion, Science and Technology” edited by L. H. Lee (Plenum Press, New York, 1975) p. 597.Google Scholar
  170. 171.
    B. W. Cherry and K. W. Thomson, “Fracture Mechanics and Technology (Sijthoff and Nordoff, Netherlands, 1971) p. 723.Google Scholar
  171. 172.
    A. J. Kinloch, J. Adhesion 10 (1979) 193.Google Scholar
  172. 173.
    R. A. Gledhill, A. J. Kinloch and S. J. Shaw, ibid. 11 (1980) 3.Google Scholar
  173. 174.
    J. C. McMillan, in “Developments in Adhesives-2” edited by A. J. Kinloch (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1981) p. 243.Google Scholar
  174. 175.
    R. O. Embewle, B. H. River and J. A. Koutsky, Wood Fiber 11 (1979) 197.Google Scholar
  175. 176.
    Idem, ibid. 12 (1980) 40.Google Scholar
  176. 177.
    D. R. Mulville and R. Vaishnav, J. Adhesion 7 (1975) 215.Google Scholar
  177. 178.
    M. Takashi, K. Ogawa and T. Kumo, Proceedings of the Japan Congress on Materials Research, Vol. 17, 1974, p. 192.Google Scholar
  178. 179.
    R. L. Patrick, J. A. Brown, N. M. Cameron and W. G. Gehman, Appl. Polymer Sympos. 16 (1971) 87.Google Scholar
  179. 180.
    R. L. Patrick (ed), “Treatise on Adhesion and Adhesives” Vol. 4 (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1973) 163.Google Scholar
  180. 181.
    R. C. Wilcox and W. A. Jemain, Polymer Eng. Sci. 13 (1973) 40.Google Scholar
  181. 182.
    R. W. Bryant and W. A. Dukes, Aeronautic and Space Engineering and Manufacturing Meeting, Los Angeles, October 1967, Paper No. 670855 (SAE, New York, 1968).Google Scholar
  182. 183.
    H. P. Meissner and G. H. Baldauf, Trans. ASME 73 (1951) 697.Google Scholar
  183. 184.
    N. Bredzs and H. Schwartzbart, Welding J. (Welding Res. Suppl.) (1956) 610.Google Scholar
  184. 185.
    H. P. Meissner and E. W. Merrill, ASTM Bull. 151 (1948) 80.Google Scholar
  185. 186.
    S. W. Lososki and G. Kruas, J. Polymer Sci. 18 (1955) 359.Google Scholar
  186. 187.
    A. G. H. Dietz, ASTM, STP 194 (1957) 19.Google Scholar
  187. 188.
    J. J. Bikerman and C. R. Huang, Trans. Soc. Rheol. 3 (1959) 5.Google Scholar
  188. 189.
    J. J. Bikerman, “The Science of Adhesive Joints” (Academic Press, New York and London, 1968) p. 273.Google Scholar
  189. 190.
    W. A. Dukes and R. W. Bryant, J. Adhesion 1 (1969) 48.Google Scholar
  190. 191.
    W. C. Wake, in “Adhesion” edited by D. D. Eley (Oxford University Press, London, 1961) p. 191.Google Scholar
  191. 192.
    A. N. Gent, J. Polymer Sci. A2 (1974) 283.Google Scholar
  192. 193.
    P. D. Hilton and G. D. Gupta, “Design and Engineering Conference” Philadelphia, April 1973, Paper No. 73-De-21 (ASME, Philadelphia, 1973).Google Scholar
  193. 194.
    R. D. Adams and J. Coppendale, J. Adhesion 10 (1979) 49.Google Scholar
  194. 195.
    N. A. Debruyne, Aircraft Eng. 16 (1944) 115.Google Scholar
  195. 196.
    Idem, ibid. 16 (1944) 140.Google Scholar
  196. 197.
    K. Wellinger and U. Rembold, VDI Zeitschrift 100 (1958) 41.Google Scholar
  197. 198.
    A. N. Gent and G. R. Hamed, Polymer Eng. Sci. 17 (1977) 462.Google Scholar
  198. 199.
    J. Johnston, Adhesives Age 11(4) (1968) 20.Google Scholar
  199. 200.
    D. W. Aubrey, G. N. Welding and T. Wong, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 13 (1969) 2193.Google Scholar
  200. 201.
    T. Igarashi, ibid. 19 (1975) 2129.Google Scholar
  201. 202.
    F. Yamamoto, S. Yamakawa and S. Tsuru, J. Polymer Sci. Polymer Phys. Ed. 18 (1980) 1847.Google Scholar
  202. 203.
    D. Satas and F. Egan, Adhesives Age 9(8) (1966) 22.Google Scholar
  203. 204.
    G. J. Lake and A. Stevenson, J. Adhesion 12 (1981) 13.Google Scholar
  204. 205.
    D. W. Aubrey, T. A. Jackson and J. D. Smith, J. Inst. Rubber. Ind. 3 (1969) 265.Google Scholar
  205. 206.
    K. Kendall, J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 11 (1978) 1519.Google Scholar
  206. 207.
    R. W. Atkins, A. J. Kinloch and S. J. Shaw, unpublished work, 1980.Google Scholar
  207. 208.
    D. H. Kaelble, J. Colloid Sci. 19 (1969) 102.Google Scholar
  208. 209.
    D. H. Kaelble and R. S. Reylek, J. Adhesion 1 (1969) 124.Google Scholar
  209. 210.
    A. N. Gent and R. P. Petrich, Proc. Roy. Soc. A310 (1969) 433.Google Scholar
  210. 211.
    D. W. Aubrey and M. Sherriff, J. Polymer Sci. Polymer Chem. Ed. 18 (1980) 2597.Google Scholar
  211. 212.
    R. Bates, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 20 (1976) 2941.Google Scholar
  212. 213.
    M. L. Williams, R. F. Landel and J. D. Ferry, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 77 (1955) 3701.Google Scholar
  213. 214.
    D. W. Aubrey, in “Adhesion-3” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1979) p. 191.Google Scholar
  214. 215.
    J. L. Cotter, Revs. High Temp. Mat. 3(4) (1973) 277.Google Scholar
  215. 216.
    J. C. Bolger, in “Treatise on Adhesion and Adhesives” Vol. 3, edited by R. L. Patrick (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1973) p. 1.Google Scholar
  216. 217.
    R. E. Yaeger, Appl. Polymer Sympos. 3 (1969) 369.Google Scholar
  217. 218.
    S. R. Sandler and F. R. Berg, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 9 (1965) 3909.Google Scholar
  218. 219.
    A. F. Lewis, R. A. Kinmonth and R. P. Kreahling, J. Adhesion 3 (1972) 249.Google Scholar
  219. 220.
    A. F. Lewis, Adhesives Age 15(6) (1972) 38.Google Scholar
  220. 221.
    K. W. Allen and M. E. R. Shanahan, J. Adhesion 7 (1975) 161.Google Scholar
  221. 222.
    Idem, ibid. 8 (1976) 43.Google Scholar
  222. 223.
    W. Spath, Adhäsion 17(10) (1973) 348.Google Scholar
  223. 224.
    V. Rayatskas and V. Pekarskas, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 20 (1976) 1941.Google Scholar
  224. 225.
    J. P. Thomas, Appl. Polymer Sympos. 3 (1969) 109.Google Scholar
  225. 226.
    W. C. Wake, K. W. Allen and S. M. Dean, in “Elastomers: Criteria for Engineering Design” edited by C. Hepburn and R. J. W. Reynolds (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1979) p. 311.Google Scholar
  226. 227.
    R. A. Gledhill and A. J. Kinloch, Polymer 17 (1976) 727.Google Scholar
  227. 228.
    J. R. Romanko and W. G. Knauss, in “Developments in Adhesives-2” edited by A. J. Kinloch (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1981) p. 173.Google Scholar
  228. 229.
    J. R. Beatty and E. C. Dalguish, Rubb. Chem. Technol. 47 (1974) 188.Google Scholar
  229. 230.
    R. J. Kuhbander and T. J. Aponyi, Adhesives Age 19(9) (1976) 27.Google Scholar
  230. 231.
    J. A. Marceau, ibid. 21(4) (1978) 37.Google Scholar
  231. 232.
    J. Peterka, Adhäsion 17 (1973) 288.Google Scholar
  232. 233.
    W. Spath, ibid. 16 (1972) 416.Google Scholar
  233. 234.
    W. D. Bascom and S. Mostovoy, Amer. Chem. Soc., Organic Coatings Plastics Chem., Prepr. 38 (1978) 152.Google Scholar
  234. 235.
    A. J. Kinloch and J. G. Williams, J. Mater. Sci. 15 (1980) 987.Google Scholar
  235. 236.
    A. J. Kinloch, Metal Sci. 14 (1980) 305.Google Scholar
  236. 237.
    S. Mostovoy and E. J. Ripling, in “Adhesion, Science and Technology” Part B, edited by L. H. Lee (Plenum Press, New York, 1975) p. 513.Google Scholar
  237. 238.
    N. J. Delollis, Adhesives Age 20(9) (1977) 41.Google Scholar
  238. 239.
    J. D. Minford, ibid. 21(3) (1978) 17.Google Scholar
  239. 240.
    W. D. Bascom, ibid. 22(4) (1979) 28.Google Scholar
  240. 241.
    R. J. Schliekelmann (ed), “Bonded Joints and Preparation for Bonding” (NATO-AGARD, Lecture Series 102, 1979).Google Scholar
  241. 242.
    R. A. Gledhill and A. J. Kinloch, J. Adhesion 6 (1974) 315.Google Scholar
  242. 243.
    D. H. Kaelble, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 18 (1974) 1869.Google Scholar
  243. 244.
    D. K. Owens, ibid. 14 (1970) 1725.Google Scholar
  244. 245.
    M. Gettings, F. S. Baker and A. J. Kinloch, ibid. 21 (1977) 2375.Google Scholar
  245. 246.
    A. N. Gent and J. Schultz, J. Adhesion 3 (1972) 281.Google Scholar
  246. 247.
    S. N. Zhurkov and E. E. Tomashevsky, “Physical Basis of Yield and Fracture” (Institute of Physics, London, 1966) p. 200.Google Scholar
  247. 248.
    S. N. Zhurkov and U. E. Korsukov, J. Polymer Sci. Polymer Phys. 12 (1974) 385.Google Scholar
  248. 249.
    D. W. Levi, R. F. Wegman, M. C. Ross and E. A. Garnis, SAMPE Quart. 7(3) (1971) 1.Google Scholar
  249. 250.
    W. D. Bascom, S. T. Gadomski, C. M. Henderson and R. L. Jones, J. Adhesion 8 (1977) 213.Google Scholar
  250. 251.
    F. J. Riel, SAMPE J. 7 (1971) 16.Google Scholar
  251. 252.
    J. L. Cotter, in “Developments in Adhesives-1” edited by W. C. Wake (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1977) p. 1.Google Scholar
  252. 253.
    R. W. Shannon and E. W. Thrall, J. Appl. Polymer Sci., Appl. Polymer Sympos. 32 (1977) 131.Google Scholar
  253. 254.
    J. S. Noland, “Adhesion, Science and Technology” edited by L. H. Lee (Plenum Press, New York, 1975) p. 413.Google Scholar
  254. 255.
    J. D. Venables, D. K. McNamara, T. S. Sun, B. Datchek and J. M. Chen, “Structural Adhesives and Bonding Technology” (Technical Conference Associates, El Segundo, California, 1979) p. 12.Google Scholar
  255. 256.
    T. S. Sun, J. M. Chen, J. D. Venables and R. Hopping, Appl. Surf. Sci. 1 (1978) 202.Google Scholar
  256. 257.
    A. J. Kinloch and N. J. Smart, J. Adhesion 12 (1981) 23.Google Scholar
  257. 258.
    J. D. Minford, Adhesives Age 17(7) (1974) 24.Google Scholar
  258. 259.
    J. A. Smith and W. E. Martinsen, Amer. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 52 (1973) 855.Google Scholar
  259. 260.
    J. C. Comyn, in “Developments in Adhesives-2” edited by A. J. Kinloch (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1981) p. 279.Google Scholar
  260. 261.
    D. M. Brewis, J. Comyn, B. C. Cope and A. C. Moloney, Polymer 21 (1980) 344.Google Scholar
  261. 262.
    J. Comyn, D. M. Brewis, R. J. A. Shalash and J. L. Tegg, in “Adhesion-3” edited by K. W. Allen (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1979) p. 13.Google Scholar
  262. 263.
    D. M. Brewis, J. Comyn and J. L. Tegg, Int. J. Adhes. Adhesives 1 (1980) 35.Google Scholar
  263. 264.
    D. M. Brewis, J. Comyn, B. C. Cope and A. C. Moloney, Polymer 21 (1980) 1477.Google Scholar
  264. 265.
    W. Althof, Nat. SAMPE Tec. Conf. 11 (1979) 309.Google Scholar
  265. 266.
    Idem, Aluminium 55 (1979) 600.Google Scholar
  266. 267.
    D. M. Brewis, J. Comyn, A. C. Moloney and J. L. Tegg, Eur. Polymer J. 17 (1981) 127.Google Scholar
  267. 268.
    B. W. Cherry and K. W. Thomson, “Fracture Mechanics and Technology” (Sijthoff and Nordoff, Netherlands, 1977) p. 723.Google Scholar
  268. 269.
    J. A. Barrie, in “Diffusion in Polymers” edited by J. Crank and G. S. Park (Academic Press, New York and London, 1968) p. 259.Google Scholar
  269. 270.
    M. Getting and A. J. Kinloch, J. Mater. Sci. 12 (1977) 2049.Google Scholar
  270. 271.
    Idem, Surf. Interface Anal. 1 (1980) 189.Google Scholar
  271. 272.
    J. C. Bolger and A. S. Michaels, in “Interface Conversion for Polymer Coatings” edited by P. Weiss and G. D. Cheever (Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York and Oxford, 1968) p. 3.Google Scholar
  272. 273.
    B. F. Lewis, W. M. Browser, J. L. Horn, T. Luu and W. H. Weinberg, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 11 (1974) 262.Google Scholar
  273. 274.
    J. C. McMillan and J. T. Quinlivan, SAMPE Quart. 7(3) (1976) 13.Google Scholar
  274. 275.
    A. W. Bethune, SAMPE J. 11(4) 1975) 4.Google Scholar
  275. 276.
    J. D. Venables, D. K. McNamara, J. M. Chen, T. S. Sun and R. L. Hopping, Appl. Surf. Sci. 3 (1979) 88.Google Scholar
  276. 277.
    W. Brockman and H. Kollek, Proceedings of the 23rd National SAMPE Symposium, 1978 (SAMPE, San Francisco, 1978) p. 1119.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Kinloch
    • 1
  1. 1.Propellants, Explosives and Rocket Motor EstablishmentMinistry of Defence (P.E.)Waltham AbbeyUK

Personalised recommendations