Parasitology Research

, Volume 74, Issue 3, pp 201–207 | Cite as

Life cycle and ultrastructure of Adelina tenebrionis (Sporozoea: Adeleidae) from Heteronychus arator (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)

  • Louise A. Malone
  • S. Dhana
Original Investigations

Abstract

The coccidian from the black beetle, Heteronychus arator (Fabricius), in New Zealand was identified as Adelina tenebrionis Sautet 1930. Its development occurs in the fat body of the host. Merogony produces bundles of 8–19 vermiform merozoites, which range in length from 12.0 to 24.1 Μm. Spherical macrogametocytes and small, vermiform microgametocytes fuse to form a zygote. Sporogony produces an oocyst 29.2–45.0 Μm in diameter, containing 3–13 sporocysts, 12.3–14.0 Μm in diameter. The life cycle takes about 46 days in an alternative host, Planotortrix excessana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), at 22‡ C. Electron micrographs of merozoites and gametocytes are presented.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Archibald RD (1976) The effect of pathogens on two populations of Heteronychus arator (F.) (Coleptera: Scarabaeidae). MS Thesis, University of Auckland, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  2. Archibald RD, Longworth JF, King PD, Mercer CF (1975) The effect of two pathogens on a black beetle population in kikuyu pasture. Proc N Z Weed Pest Control Conf 28:200–204Google Scholar
  3. Bhatia ML (1937) On Adelina tribolii, a coccidian parasite of Tribolium ferrugineum F. Parasitology 29:239–246Google Scholar
  4. King PD, Mercer CF (1979) Effect of Adelina sp. (Protozoa: Coccidia) on Heteronychus arator fecundity and populations (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Proceedings of the 2nd Australasian Conference on Grassland Invertebrate Ecology, Palmerston North, New Zealand, pp 200–202Google Scholar
  5. King PD, Meekings JS, Phillip KC (1985) A protozoan pathogen of black beetle. Proceedings of the 4th Australasian Conference on Grassland Invertebrate Ecology, Christchurch, New Zealand, pp 201–209Google Scholar
  6. Léger L (1900) Sur la présence d'une Coccidie coelomique chez Olocrates abbreviatus Ol. Arch Zool Exp Gen 8:i-iiiGoogle Scholar
  7. Léger L (1904) Sporozoaires parasites de l'Embia solieri Rambur. Arch Protistenkd 3:358Google Scholar
  8. Longworth JF, Archibald RD (1975) A virus of black beetle, Heteronychus arator (F.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). N Z J Zool 2:233–236Google Scholar
  9. Malone LA, Wigley PJ (1987) A practical method for rearing Argentine stem weevil, Listronotus bonariensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the laboratory. N Z Entomol 11 (in press)Google Scholar
  10. Moroff T (1907) Untersuchungen über Coccidien: I. Adelea zonula n. sp. Arch Protistenkd 8:17–51Google Scholar
  11. Pérez C (1899) Sur une coccidie nouvelle, Adelea mesnili n. sp., parasite coelomique d'un Lépidoptère. C R Soc Biol (Paris) 51:694–696Google Scholar
  12. Purrini K (1984) Two new coccidian parasites of the genus Adelina (Adeleidae, Coccidia) parasitizing oribatid mite Nothrus silvestris (Oribatei, Acarina) and springtail Neanura muscorum (Collembola, Apterygota). Arch Protistenkd 128:99–107Google Scholar
  13. Rioux JA, Léger N, Manier JF, Croset H (1972) Adelina sp., parasite de phlebotomes. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp 47:347–350Google Scholar
  14. Sautet J (1930) A propos d'Adelina tenebrionis, coccidie coelomique de Tenebrio molitor. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp 8:582–589Google Scholar
  15. Schneider A (1875) Contribution à l'histoire des grÊgarines des invertebrés de Paris et de Roscoff. Arch Zool Exp Gen 4:493–599Google Scholar
  16. Schulte E (1971) Cytochemische Untersuchungen an den Feinstrukturen von Klossia helicina (Coccidia, Adeleidea) I. Morphologie und Kulturhaltung von Klossia helicina. Z Parasitenkd 36:140–157Google Scholar
  17. Tuzet O (1970) Recherches ultrastructurales sur les mérozoÏtes et les gamontes de la coccidie Adelina dimidiata Schneider, parasite du myriapode chilopode Scolopendra cingutata Latreille. Natur Can (Ottawa) 97:369–385Google Scholar
  18. Tuzet O, Vago C, Ormieres R, Robert P (1965) Adelina melolonthae n. sp., coccidie parasite des larves de Melolontha melolontha. Arch Zool Exp Gen 106:513–521Google Scholar
  19. Weiser J, Beard RL (1959) Adelina sericesthis n. sp., a new coccidian parasite of scarabaeid larvae. J Insect Pathol 1:99–106Google Scholar
  20. Wigley PJ, Malone LA, Dhana S (1986) Screening insect pathogens for pest control. Proc N Z Weed Pest Control Conf 39:126–129Google Scholar
  21. Yarwood EA (1937) The life cycle of Adelina cryptocerci sp. nov., a coccidian parasite of the roach Cryptocercus punctulatus. Parasitology 29:370–390Google Scholar
  22. Zizka Z (1969) The fine structure of the macrogametocytes of Adelina tribolii Bhatia, 1937 (Eucoccidia, Telosporea) from the fat body of the beetle Tribolium castaneum Hbst. J Protozool 16:111–120Google Scholar
  23. Zizka Z (1985) Ultrastructure of the sporozoite and the sporocyst wall of the coccidian species Adelina tribolii Bhatia, 1937 within the course of an autoinfection. Arch Protistenkd 129:119–126Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louise A. Malone
    • 1
  • S. Dhana
    • 1
  1. 1.Entomology Division, Department of Scientific and Industrial ResearchMount Albert Research CentreAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations