Internationales Archiv für Arbeitsmedizin

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 151–174 | Cite as

Behavior of chlorohydrocarbon solvents in the welding environment

  • L. C. Rinzema


Trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene when present in air near open arc welding may be decomposed to levels of phosgene dangerous to health, whereas the hydrogen chloride and chlorine formed simultaneously may not always provide an adequate warning against the presence of phosgene.

The other chlorohydrocarbons tested were quite stable to open arc welding energy. Phosgene, if generated at all, will be at a low concentration, and chlorine and hydrogen chloride may act as an adequate warning against solvent decomposition.


Public Health Hydrogen Chloride Welding Chlorine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Alpaugh, E. L., Philippo, K. A., Pulsifer, H. C.: Clearing the fog about Mig fumes. Welding Engineer 1968, 41–45.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bartlett, P. D., Traylor, T. G.: Oxygen 18 tracer studies of alkylperoxy radicals. I. The cumyl peroxy radical and chain termination in the autoxidation of cumene, etc. J. Amer. chem. Soc. 85, 2407–2410, 2411–2413 (1963).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Biesalski, E.: Pyrogene Phosgenbildung. Angew. Chem. 37, 314–317 (1924).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Crummet, W. B., Stenger, V. A.: Thermal stability of methyl chloroform and carbontetrachloride. Ind. Eng. Chem. 48, 434 (1956).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ferry, J. J., Ginther, G. B.: Inert arc welding, etc. Ind. Hyg. Quart. 13, 196–198 (1952).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fieldner, A. C., Katz, S. H., Kinney, S. O., Longfellow, E. S.: Poisonous gases from carbontetrachloride fire extinguishers. J. Franklin Inst. 190, 543–564 (1920).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hama, G. M., Curley, L. C.: Corrosion of combustion equipment by chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors, etc. Air Eng. 7, 38 (April 1965).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McKinney, L. L., Uhing, E. H., White, J. L., Picken, J. C.: Autoxidation products of trichloroethylene, etc. J. Agr. and Food Chem. 3, 413 (1955).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schumacher, H. J., Sundhoff, D.: Die durch Chlor sensibilisierte photochemische Phosgenbildung aus Chloroform, Chlor und Sauerstoff und ihre Hemmung durch Alkohol und Ammoniak. Z. physik. Chemie B 34, 300 (1936).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    —, Wolff, K.: Die durch belichtetes Chlor sensibilisierte Phosgenbildung aus Chloroform und Sauerstoff, etc. Z. physik. Chemie B 26, 453 (1934).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sjöberg, B.: Thermal decomposition of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Svenska Kem. Tidskr. 64, 63–79 (1952).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stefanescu, P.: Influence of temperature and of some metals on the stability of chloroform, methyl chloroform and carbontetrachloride, etc. [Romania]. Rev. Chim. 10, 524–526 (1959) Romania.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yant, W. P., Olson, J. C., Storch, H. H., Littlefield, J. B., Scheflan, L.: Determination of phosgene in gases from experimental fires extinguished with carbontetrachloride fire-extinguisher liquid, etc. Ind. Eng. Chem. (Anal. ed.) 8, 20–25 (1936).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of chemical technology, vol. 10, p. 392. New York: Interscience Publishers 1953.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Welding Handbook of the American Welding Society, sixth ed. sect. I, 3.23. New York: American Welding Society 1962.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    - - - - - sixth ed., sect. I, 924. New York: American Welding Society 1962.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. C. Rinzema
    • 1
  1. 1.Dow Chemical Europe S.A.HorgenSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations