Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 415–421 | Cite as

Mechanism of photopolymerization of butyl methacrylate in presence of mixture of phenazines with benzophenones

  • M. N. Usacheva
  • T. I. Viktorova
  • V. M. Granchak
  • I. I. Dilung


The influence of the components of initiating mixtures of phenazines with benzophenones and polarity of the medium on the rate of the overall photopolymerization process of butyl methacrylate was studied during excitation with light at λ 420 nm. It was found that the quenching of the tripletly excited states of phenazines by benzophenones depends on the electron-acceptor properties of the latter. From the experimental data and formal kinetic scheme, expressions were obtained for the rate of polymerization. The results of the analysis of these expressions show that polar active products participate in the initiation of the polymerization.


Polymerization Experimental Data Excited State Methacrylate Butyl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    M. N. Usacheva, T. I. Viktorova, V. I. Glembotski, et al., “A water soluble photopolymerizing composition,” USSR Inventor's Certificate No. 741227 (IPC G03C 1/68); Byull. Izobret., No. 22, June 15 (1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. I. Viktorova, V. M. Granchak, M. N. Usacheva, and I. I. Dilung, “Photopolymerization of butyl methacrylate in presence of benzophenone, sensitized by 2-N,N-dimethylaminophenazine,” Vysokomol. Soed. A, 25, No. 25, 1025 (1983).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. A. Ilyushenok, M. N. Usacheva, and B. Ya. Dain, “Action of pyridine and its methy-1 derivatives on fluorescence of phenazine dyes,” Teor. Éksp. Khim., 10, No. 2, 263–267 (1974).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. M. Granchak, V. M. Sherstyuk, and I. I. Dilung, “Role of semipinacol radicals in Photopolymerization of methyl methacrylate,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 235, No. 3, 611–614 (1977).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Waisberger, E. Proskauer, J. Ridik, and E. Tups, Organic Solvents [Russian translation], IL, Moscow (1958).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. V. Osipov, M. N. Usacheva, and I. I. Dilung, “Kinetic study of triplet exciplexes of phenazine, its mono-, di-, and tetrabenzo-derivatives with an electron donor,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 254, No. 2, 407–410 (1980).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Woodian, Principles of Polymer Chemistry [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1974).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. N. Narmukhametov, Absorption and Luminescence of Aromatic Compounds [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (1971).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. L. Erusalimskii, Ionic Polymerization of Polar Monomers [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1970).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. D. Simon and P. S. Kevin, “Solvent effects on the picosecond dynamics of the photoreduction of benzophenone by aromatic amines,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, No. 21, 6403–6406 (1981).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Schwartz, Anionic Polymerization [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1971).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Kubota and U. Ogivara, “Photopolymerization of acrylonitrile sensitized with a combination of aromatic ketone and amine,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 27, No. 7, 2683–2691 (1982).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Bemford, W. Barb, A. Jenkins, and P. Onion, Kinetics of Radical Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers [Russian translation], IL, Moscow (1961).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. M. Granchak, V. P. Sherstyuk, and I. I. Dilung, “Photopolymerization of methyl methacrylate in solution, initiated by benzophenone derivatives,” Teor. Éksp. Khim., 13, No. 2, 257–262 (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. Usacheva
    • 1
  • T. I. Viktorova
    • 1
  • V. M. Granchak
    • 1
  • I. I. Dilung
    • 1
  1. 1.L. V. Pisarzhevskii Institute of Physical ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSRKiev

Personalised recommendations