Parasitology Research

, Volume 74, Issue 5, pp 415–423 | Cite as

Triton-labile antigens in flagella isolated from Giardia lamblia

  • John T. Clark
  • David V. Holberton
Original Investigations


Sheared flagella from Giardia lamblia were freed from cytoskeleton fragments and other cell contaminants by centrifuging in a density gradient. The purified organelles contain many polypeptides, including a set of low-molecular-weight antigens [apparent molecular weights (MWs)=31, 32, 34, 35 and 37 kD] in the same size range as the ∼ 30 kD structural giardins of the cytoskelton. However, on sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gels, the mobilities of individual flagellar polypeptides do not correspond exactly to the cytoskeleton bands, and, unlike the cytoskeleton proteins, the flagellar components are easily extracted by Triton demembranation. The pattern of flagellar isoforms after isoelectric focussing (IEF) and electrophoresis in two dimensions is also clearly different from that of the cytoskeleton proteins. The fact that at least some ∼ 30 kD flagellar antigens are localised by immunofluorescence specifically in the two ventral flagella suggests that these proteins may be components of the paraflagellar structures found beneath the membrane of these organelles. In electron micrographs of the isolated flagella, the paraflagellar rods are seen to bridge the membrane to three adjacent doublet microtubules of the axoneme.


Sodium Molecular Weight Polypeptide Dodecyl Size Range 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • John T. Clark
    • 1
  • David V. Holberton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of HullHullUK

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