Theoretica chimica acta

, Volume 70, Issue 3, pp 165–188 | Cite as

Relativistic Gaussian basis sets for the atoms hydrogen to neon

  • Franz Mark


Gaussian basis sets for use in relativistic molecular calculations are developed for atoms and ions with one to ten electrons. A relativistic radial wavefunction coupled to an angular function of l-symmetry is expanded into a linear combination of spherical Gaussians of the form r l exp (−αr2). One set of basis functions is used for all large and small components of the same angular symmetry. The expansion coefficients and the orbital exponents have been determined by minimizing the integral over the weighted square of the deviation between the Dirac or Dirac-Fock radial wavefunctions and their analytical approximations. The basis sets calculated with a weighting function inversely proportional to the radial distance are found to have numerical constants very similar to those of their energy-optimized non-relativistic counterparts. Atomic sets are formed by combining l-subsets. The results of relativistic and non-relativistic calculations based on these sets are analyzed with respect to different criteria, e.g. their ability to reproduce the relativistic total energy contribution and the spin-orbit splitting. Contraction schemes are proposed.

Key words

Relativistic Gaussian basis sets Dirac-Fock calculations 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franz Mark
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für StrahlenchemieMülheim a.d. RuhrFederal Republic of Germany

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