Theoretica chimica acta

, Volume 71, Issue 5, pp 385–400 | Cite as

119Sn electric field gradients in model clusters of chalcogenide glasses

  • Jozef Bicerano


Calculations of 119Sn electric field gradients (EFG) have been performed using the Extended Hückel approximation on characteristic molecular clusters simulating possible types of sites in chalcogenide glasses. The motivation for these calculations derives from theoretical concepts on varying near neighbor relationships in these types of glasses, and from recent 119Sn Mössbauer experiments on Sn-doped Gex(Se or S)1−x bulk glasses which reveal three types (A, B and C) of chemically inequivalent sites, with distinct values and composition dependences for their isomer shifts and quadrupole splittings. The model clusters chosen for the calculations were the ethane-like (Ge2Se3)n quasi-one-dimensional chains of varying lengths which have been proposed as possible sources of the B site. In addition, calculations were also carried out on several additional types of clusters, in order to help in interpreting the results for the chains. We find that the magnitude of the quadrupole splitting in isolated linear ethane-like chains is very small, and almost independent of the particular site along the chain at which Sn replaces Ge. It therefore seems unlikely that such isolated linear clusters would be the source of the B sites. These sites are more likely to be related to distortions of the ethane-like clusters into non-linear configurations, as well as interactions with neighboring clusters, as forced by the constraints of the packing in the structure of the glass.

Key words

119Sn Electric field gradient Model Calculation Mössbauer Extended Hückel Packing Structure Chalcogenide glasses Quadrupole splittings 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jozef Bicerano
    • 1
  1. 1.Energy Conversion Devices, IncTroyUSA

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