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Theoretica chimica acta

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 143–152 | Cite as

Chemical applications of topology and group theory. 17. An information theoretical approach to polyhedral symmetry [1]

  • R. B. King
Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Information theoretic parameters are described which measure the asymmetry of polyhedra based on partitions of their vertices, faces, and edges into orbits under action of their symmetry point groups. Such asymmetry parameters are all zero only for the five regular polyhedra and are all unity for polyhedra having no symmetry at all, i.e. belonging to the C1 symmetry point group. In all other cases such asymmetry parameters have values between zero and unity. Values for such asymmetry parameters are given for all topologically distinct polyhedra having five, six, and seven vertices; all topologically distinct eight-vertex polyhedra having at least six symmetry elements; and selected polyhedra having from nine to twelve vertices. Effects of polyhedral distortions on these asymmetry parameters are examined for the tetrahedron, trigonal bipyramid, square pyramid, and octahedron. Such information theoretic asymmetry parameters can be used to order site partitions which are incomparable by the chirality algebra methods of Ruch and co-workers.

Key words

Information theory Polyhedra Symmetry Asymmetry parameters 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. King
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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