Nutritional effects on the kinetics of ethanol production from glucose by Zymomonas mobilis
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Changes in the nutritional media significantly affected specific glucose uptake rate (Qg), glucose utilization and ethanol production rate (Qp) of Zymomonas mobilis Z 10. Varying the yeast extract concentrations (pantothenate) between 0.15% and 1.0% in a 10% glucose system at μ=0.2 h−1, Qg values between 14.9 and 35.3 and Qp values between 7.4 and 14.6 were obtained. A concentration of 0.25% yeast extract gave highest results. High NH 4 + concentrations were detrimental to ethanol production, whereas phosphate, potassium and magnesium stimulated the catabolic activity. In the case of magnesium, glucose utilization increased from 2.8 to 92.2%. Batch and continuous cultures showed that by increasing catabolic activity, ethanol productivity can be increased irrespective of glucose concentration.
KeywordsEthanol Production Specific Growth Rate Ethanol Yield Glucose Utilization Zymomonas Mobilis
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