Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 44–54 | Cite as

Petrogenesis of rhyolites and trachytes from the Deccan Trap: Sr, Nd and Pb isotope and trace element evidence

  • P. C. Lightfoot
  • C. J. Hawkesworth
  • S. F. Sethna
Article

Abstract

Trachytes and rhyolites from Salsette Island, north of Bombay, have distinctive trace element and isotope features which mark them out from typical crustal melts. Their highly incompatible trace element and Sr-, Nd and Pb isotope ratios are similar to those of the associated Deccan flood basalts. Thus the rhyolites and trachytes are closely related to the basalts, and a striking compositional gap between 50 and 65% SiO2 suggests that the high SiO2 rocks evolved by 10–15% partial melting followed by variable amounts of fractional crystallisation. The source material could have been basalt within the Deccan Trap, or related gabbroic rocks in deep crustal sill complexes. The rhyolites yield an Rb-Sr whole rock age of 61.5±1.9 Ma, with a slightly high initial 87Sr/86Sr=0.7085±18. It is argued that crustal extension provides a suitable regime for the generation of acid magmas by partial melting of associated basic rocks.

Keywords

Partial Melting Deccan Trap Flood Basalt Crustal Extension Incompatible Trace Element 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Lightfoot
    • 1
  • C. J. Hawkesworth
    • 1
  • S. F. Sethna
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesThe Open UniversityMiltonEngland
  2. 2.Department of GeologySt. Xaviers CollegeBombayIndia

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