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Gender wage differentials in private and public sector jobs

Abstract

In this study gender wage differentials in private and public sector jobs in Austria are calculated. Occupational attainment is considered as endogeneous by the use of an ordered response model. Results show that wage discrimination is also present in the public sector, though on a lower level. Both in private firms and for public servants a substantial part of this unwarranted differential is due to unequal professional advancement.

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This research was supported by the Austrian “Ponds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung” under the projects no. J0548-S0Z and 8327. Valuable comments by E. Barth, C. Brown, J. McNeill, seminar participants at Fribourg and two anonymous referees are gratefully acknowledged.

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Zweimüller, J., Winter-Ebmer, R. Gender wage differentials in private and public sector jobs. J Popul Econ 7, 271–285 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00517300

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00517300

Keywords

  • Public Sector
  • Public Servant
  • Response Model
  • Substantial Part
  • Private Firm