Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

Mesoionic heterocycles and heterocyclic betaine cations (review)

  • V. A. Chuiguk
Article

Abstract

The first part of this review is devoted to correlation of the data of five foreign reviews and the original research and data of the author on the synthesis of mesoionic heterocycles that do not contain ionogenic substituents (heteroatoms) in the side chain. The compounds were classified as follows: mono-, bi-, and triheterocycles; sulfur-containing heterocycles; two-ring systems with one, two, or no nitrogen atoms in common and their condensed analogs. The preparation of betaine cations of methine dyes by three methods, viz., cyanine condensations of some quaternary salts and protonated azaindolizines and deprotonation of diquaternary salts of diheterylmethanes, is described in the second part of the review.

Keywords

Nitrogen Organic Chemistry Nitrogen Atom Betaine Methine 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Chuiguk
    • 1
  1. 1.T. G. Shevchenko Kiev State UniversityKiev

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