Histochemistry

, Volume 85, Issue 6, pp 497–504 | Cite as

Histochemical characterization of an antigen specific for the great alveolar cell in the mouse lung

  • F. J. Van Hemert
  • A. A. W. Ten Have-Opbroek
  • C. J. M. Otto-Verberne
Article

Summary

Previous papers reported on a specific antigenic marker for the great alveolar (type-II) cell of the mouse lung and described its recognition by a specific rabbit antiadult mouse lung serum. In the present study light- and electron-microscopical immunohistochemistry on fixed mouse lung sections showed the presence of the marker on the alveolar surface. The antigenic determinants recognized by the antibody were further characterized by immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation studies after in vitro translation of mouse lung messenger RNA.

Immunoblots of a surfactant-enriched pellet of a bronchoalveolar lavage fraction of mouse lung showed that the antibody reacted with surfactant-associated proteins having apparent molecular weights of about 27,000, 32,000, and 38,000 daltons in SDS gels. Immunoblots of mouse-lung homogenate revealed the presence of 27,000, 30,000, 39,000, and 41,000 dalton proteins, presumably also surfactant-associated proteins. Immunoprecipitation after in vitro translation of mouse-lung mRNA showed specific reactivity only with a 12,000 dalton polypeptide, a component of the cell marker we were unable to relate to surfactant. Our findings indicate that the 12,000 dalton component of the antigenic marker for the great alveolar cell is a polypeptide whose synthesis is a lung-specific process and that the immunoreaction of the larger and surfactant-associated components is due to post-translational modifications.

Keywords

Mouse Lung Apparent Molecular Weight Antigenic Determinant Lung Section Alveolar Surface 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Van Hemert
    • 2
  • A. A. W. Ten Have-Opbroek
    • 1
  • C. J. M. Otto-Verberne
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and EmbryologyUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Physiological ChemistryUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands

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