Immobilization of microbial cells and enzymes with hydrophobic photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers

  • Tetsuo Omata
  • Atsuo Tanaka
  • Tsuneo Yamane
  • Saburo Fukui
Biotechnology and Bioengineering


Attempts were made to entrap enzymes or microbial cells with water-insoluble photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers of different types in organic solvent systems in the presence or absence of water. Acetone-dried cells of Artbrobacter simplex immobilized in a maleic polybutadiene gel (PBM-2000) converted hydrocortisone to prednisolone in a phosphate buffer. 4-Androstene-3,17-dione was converted to androst-1,4-diene-3,17-dione in benzene-n-heptane solution by Nocardia rhodocrous which was immobilized by a hydrophobic prepolymer, ENTP-2000. The ENTP-2000 had been synthesized from poly(propylene glycol)-2000, hydroxyethylacrylate and isophorone diisocyanate. Even enzymes catalyzing aqueous phase reactions, such as catalase and invertase, were immobilized in a polybutadiene resin (PB-200k) to give active gel-entrapped preparations. The cells and enzymes immobilized in these hydrophobic resins exhibited moderate activities compared with those of the free cells and enzymes.


Enzyme Hydrocortisone Immobilization Catalase Prednisolone 
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Abbreviations used






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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsuo Omata
    • 1
  • Atsuo Tanaka
    • 1
  • Tsuneo Yamane
    • 2
  • Saburo Fukui
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Industrial Biochemistry, Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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