Evidence that axons containing substance P in the guinea-pig ileum are of intrinsic origin

  • R. Franco
  • M. Costa
  • J. B. Furness
Article

Summary

Acid extracts from both normal and extrinsically denervated ileum contained a compound which was indistinguishable from synthetic substance P; this compound was assayed by examining its contractile effect on the longitudinal muscle of segments of ileum in which receptors for acetylcholine and histamine were blocked. Contractions caused by the compound were markedly and selectively antagonized when the ileum was made insensitive to the action of substance P. The activities in the extract and of synthetic substance P were both destroyed by chymotrypsin but were not affected by trypsin or carboxypeptidase B. The concentrations of substance P-like material in normal and extrinsically denervated segments were not significantly different, being equivalent to 0.48 μg of substance P per g of external muscle plus myenteric plexus. A compound with substance P-like activity was liberated by stimulation of intramural nerves, either electrically or by dimethylphenylpiperazinium, in both normal and extrinsically denervated segments of ileum. The release of this compound was prevented by tetrodotoxin and its action on the muscle was blocked when the ileum was made insensitive to the action of substance P. Experiments with transmural stimulation showed that excitatory nerve pathways involving substance P neurons extend for less than 4 cm along the intestine.

Key words

Substance P Intestine Autonomic nervous system Peptidergic nerves 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Franco
    • 1
  • M. Costa
    • 1
  • J. B. Furness
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Neuroscience and Departments of Human Physiology and MorphologyThe Flinders University of South AustraliaBedford Park

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