Viscosity of aqueous solutions of 1,2-ethanediol and 1,2-propanediol under high pressures
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New experimental data on the viscosity of aqueous solutions of 1,2-ethanediol (ethylene glycol) and 1,2-propanediol (propylene glycol) are presented at 298 and 323 K under pressures up to 120 MPa. The measurements were performed by a falling-cylinder viscometer on a relative basis with an uncertainty of less than ±2%. The viscosity of these aqueous solutions at a constant temperature and pressure increases monotonously with increasing concentrations of diols (glycols) and is slightly lower than the mole fraction average value at each composition. The viscosity also increases almost linearly with pressure at a constant temperature and composition. The pressure coefficient of the viscosity, (∂η/∂P)T,x, increases with decreasing temperature and increasing concentrations of diols. The experimental results are correlated with pressure, density, and composition by several empirical equations.
Key wordsaqueous alcohol solution ethanediol ethylene glycol falling-cylinder viscometer free-volume theory high pressure pressure effect propanediol propylene glycol viscosity water
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